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The First Computer Olympiad was held from August 9 to 15, 1989, in the Ballroom of the Park Lane Hotel, London, United Kingdom, where already the first part of the World Chess Championship 1986 between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov took place [1] . Claude Shannon served in the award ceremony, handing the Gold, Silver and Bronze medals to the deserving [2].

The First Computer Olympiad was associated by the Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence workshop, with proceedings edited by David Levy and Don Beal, published by Ellis Horwood [3].
Park Lane Hotel [4]

Results

Awari

#
Program
CC
Authors
P6
Medal
1
Marco
FR
Rémi Niérat
6
Gold
2
Wali
NL
Eric van der Schilden

Silver
3
Conchus
GB
Steve Thomas
2
Bronze
4
Waro
NL

½


Backgammon

#
Program
CC
Authors
Operators
P5
Medal
1
Neurogammon
US
Gerald Tesauro
5
Gold
2
Video Gammon
US
Randall Hoogerhyde
3
Silver
3
Saitek Backgammon
NL

3
Bronze
4
Mephisto Backgammon [7]
GB
Richard Lang, Ossi Weiner
2

5
Backbrain
SE

2

6
A.I. Backgammon
US

0


Bridge

#
Program
CC
Authors
Score
Medal
1
Acolmaster Bridge
GB
Paul Jones
110
Gold
2
Vtech
US
Tony Guilfoyle
95
Silver
3
Oxford Bridge 3
GB
Andrew Bracher
76
Bronze
4
Bridge Baron
GB
Tom Throop, Tony Guilfoyle
75


Checkers

#
Program
CC
Authors
P5
Medal
1
Chinook
CA
Jonathan Schaeffer, Joe Culberson,
Duane Szafron, Norman Treloar,
Brent Knight, Paul Lu

Gold
2
Checkers!
US
Gil Dodgen

Silver
3
Tournament Checkers
US
David Butler
3
Bronze
4
Tomi
GB



5
Sage Draughts
GB
Adrian Millett


6
Checker Hustler
GB
Derek Oldbury
0


Chess

Final Standing

#
Program
CC
R
M
F
P
C
H
É
E
W
P8
Medal
1
Rebel
NL
x
½
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Gold
2
Mephisto X
GB
½
x
½
1
1
1
½
1
1

Silver
3
Fidelity X
US
0
½
x
1
1
1
1
1
1

Bronze
4
Pandix
HU
0
0
0
x
1
1
½
1
1


5
Chess Player 2150
GB
0
0
0
0
x
1
1
1
1
4

6
Hiarcs
GB
0
0
0
0
0
x
1
1
1
3

7
Échec 1.5
FR
0
½
0
½
0
0
x
0
1
2

8
E6P
GB
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
x
½


9
Woodpusher
GB
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
½
x
½


Participants

Program
CC
Authors
Hardware
Rebel
NL
Ed Schröder, Jan Louwman
6502
Mephisto X
GB
Richard Lang
68030
Fidelity X
US
Dan Spracklen, Kathe Spracklen
68030
Pandix
HU
Gyula Horváth, Zsuzsa Horváth

Chess Player 2150
GB
Chris Whittington
Atari ST 68000
Hiarcs
GB
Mark Uniacke

Échec 1.5
FR
Marc-François Baudot, Jean-Christophe Weill

E6P
GB
Stephen B. Streater
Acorn Archimedes ARM2
Woodpusher
GB
John Hamlen


Selected Games

Rebel - Fidelity X [11]
[Event "1st Computer Olympiad"]
[Site "London, United Kingdom"]
[Date "1989.08.??"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Rebel"]
[Black "Fidelity X"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1. d4 f5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. Bg5 d5 4. Nf3 Nbd7 5. e3 c6 6. Bd3 Qb6 7. Rb1 e6 8. O-O Bd6
9. Ne2 c5 10. c4 Ne4 11. b4!! Qc7 12. bxc5 Nxg5 13. Nxg5 Bxh2+ 14. Kh1 Nf6 15. g3 Ng4
16. cxd5 exd5 17. Nf4 a6 18. Nfe6 Bxe6 19. Nxe6 Qd7 20. Bxf5 Nf6 21. Kxh2 g6 22. Bh3 Rb8
23. Qf3 Qe7 24. c6 b5 25. Nc7+ Kf7 26. Nxd5 Qd6 27. e4 Rhe8 28. Rfc1 Rxe4 29. Nxf6 Qxf6
30. Qxe4 Re8 31. Qxe8+ Kxe8 32. c7 Kf7 33. c8=Q Kg7 34. Rc7+ Kh6 35. f4 Qg7 36. g4 Qxc7
37. Qxc7 g5 38. Qf7 gxf4 39. Qf6# 1-0

See also


Chinese Chess

#
Program
CC
Authors
P4
Medal
1
Acer Chinese Chess
TW
Yu Shi-Shun
4
Gold
2
CChess Expert Acme
TW
Kuo-Ming Tsao
3
Silver
3
Elephant
TW
Shun-Chin Hsu

Bronze
4
Xian
US
Nick Jacobs


5
Ogre
GB

0


Connect Four

[13]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P6
Medal
1
Victor
NL
Victor Allis, Jaap van den Herik, Jos Uiterwijk
5
Gold
2
Heap
GB
Mark Taylor

Silver
3
Four Blitz
NL
Hans van der Zijden

Bronze
4
Connect Fun
GB

2


Dominoes

[14]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P12
Medal
1
Luciano
ES
Daniel Borrajo
9
Gold
2
Seneca
ES
M. Alicia Pérez
5
Silver
3
Rio de la Plata
AR
Edmundo Gramajo
4
Bronze

Draughts

#
Program
CC
Authors
P10
Medal
1
DIOS '89
NL
Eric van Riet Paap, Chris Jurriëns

Gold
2
Truus
NL
Stef Keetman
8
Silver
3
McDammen
NL
Ron van Bemmelen

Bronze
4
Cerberus
NL
Leo Nagels


5
Psi-Force
NL
John Smeets, Gerard Putter


6
TN83
NL
Ard van Bergen
0


Go

19x19

[16]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P9
Medal
1
Swiss Explorer
CH
Anders Kierulf, Ken Chen
8
Gold
2
Goliath
NL
Mark Boon
7
Silver
3
Star of Poland
PL
Janusz Kraszek
6
Bronze
4
Go Intellect
US
Ken Chen
6

5
Modgo
DE
Alfred Knöpfle, Walter Knöpfle
5

5
Stone
TW
Kuo-Yuan Kao
5

7
Microgo 2
GB
Allan Scarff
4

8
Dragon
TW
Dong-Yueh Lin
3

9
Tango
DE

1

10
Cingo
GB

0

9x9

[17]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P9
Medal
1
Dragon
TW
Dong-Yueh Lin
8
Gold
2
Go Intellect
US
Ken Chen
7
Silver
3
Goliath
NL
Mark Boon
7
Bronze
4
Go 4
GB
Michael Reiss
6

5
Microgo 2
GB
Allan Scarff
5

6
Modgo
DE
Alfred Knöpfle, Walter Knöpfle
4

6
Swiss Explorer
CH
Anders Kierulf, Ken Chen
4

8
Star of Poland
PL
Janusz Kraszek
3

9
Tango
DE

1

10
Cingo
GB

0


Gomoku

#
Program
CC
Authors
P12
Medal
1
Matena
RU
Anatoly Frolov, Alexander Gitis
11
Gold
2
Homoku Sapiens
RU
Nikolai Alexandrov
7
Silver
3
Domino
CZ
Miroslav Muron, Jaroslav Novotny
5
Bronze
4
Solid
PL
Adam Dolinsky
1


Othello

#
Program
CC
Authors
P2x14
Medal
1
Polygon
GB
Alex Selby
26
Gold
2
Comp'Oth
FR
François Aguillon
23
Silver
3
Badia
NL
Marcel Van Tien
19
Bronze
4
Jonathan
US
Brian Rose
18½

5
Thor
FR
Sylvain Quin
17½

6
Raccoon
JP
Tatsuya Mine
16½

7
Peer Gynt
CH
Anders Kierulf
15½

8
Othello Master 7.5
FR
Jean-Christophe Weill
15

9
Chung Hwa
CA
Duy-minh Nhieu
10

10
Verse2
NL
Ben de Wolf


10
Dumbo
NL
Tom Duykers


12
Microb
FR
Maurice Claverie
9

13
Jotel
GB
Joel Feinstein
7

13
Iago
US
Greg M. Gupton
7

13
C&Bek
FR
Sylvain Quin, Yannick Hervé
7


Renju

#
Program
CC
Authors
P2
Medal
1
Tandy Gomoku/Renju
GB
Richard Lang
1
Gold
1
Renju Sapiens
RU
Andrey Grigoriev
1
Gold

Scrabble

#
Program
CC
Authors
P24
Medal
1
Crab
US
Andrew Appel, Guy Jacobson,
Graeme Thomas, Steve Thomas
21
Gold
2
Tyler
US
Alan Frank
16
Silver
3
Quetzal
GB
Tony Guilfoyle, Richard Hooker
13
Bronze
4
Scrabble
GB

9

5
Monty Plays Scrabble
US
Robert Walls
1


Publications

Reports


Heuristic Programming in AI

  • David Levy, Don Beal (Eds.) (1989). Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence - The First Computer Olympiad. Ellis Horwood, ICGA [23]
    Heuristic.jpg

Tournaments

Conference

  1. Gerald Tesauro (1989). NEUROGAMMON: A Neural-Network Backgammon Learning Program. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  2. John MacLeod (1989). Microbridge: A Computer Developed Approach to Bidding. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  3. Richard Wheen (1989). Brute Force Programming for Solving Double Dummy Bridge Problems. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  4. David Levy (1989). The Million Pound Bridge Problem. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  5. Nick Jacobs (1989). Xian, a Chinese Chess Program. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  6. Jos Uiterwijk, Jaap van den Herik, Victor Allis (1989). A Knowledge-Based Approach to Connect Four: The Game is Over, White to Move Wins. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  7. James D. Allen (1989). A note on the Computer Solution of Connect Four. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  8. Sarit Kraus, Eithan Ephrati, Daniel Lehmann (1989). An Automated Diplomacy Player. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  9. Daniel Borrajo, Juan Rios, M. Alicia Pérez, Juan Pazos (1989). Integration Issues in an Expert Dominoes Player. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  10. Derek Oldbury (1989). AI (Any Interest) for Draughts? Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  11. John Smeets, Gerard Putter (1989). Some Experience with a Self-Learning Computer Program for Playing Draughts. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  12. Ken Chen (1989). Group Identification in Computer Go. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  13. Anatoly Frolov (1989). A Mathematical Model for Go-Moku. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  14. Clarence Hewlett (1989). Hardware Help on an Othello Endgame Analyzer. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  15. Anders Kierulf (1989). New Concepts in Computer Othello: Corner Value, Edge Advoidance, Access, and Parity. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  16. Greg M. Gupton (1989). Genetic Learning Algorithm Applied to the Game of Othello. Heuristic Programming in AI 1
  17. Susan L. Epstein (1989). The Intelligent Novice - Learning to Play Better. Heuristic Programming in AI 1

Forum Posts


External Links


References

  1. ^ List of chess world championship matches from Wikipedia
  2. ^ Ard van Bergen (1989). The 1st Computer Olympiad, August 9-15, 1989. ICCA Journal, Vol. 12, No. 3
  3. ^ David Levy, Don Beal (Eds.) (1989). Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence - The First Computer Olympiad. Ellis Horwood
  4. ^ Park Lane Hotel from Wikipedia
  5. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Awari - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  6. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Backgammon - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  7. ^ Mephisto - Schachversand Niggemann
  8. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Bridge - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  9. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Checkers - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  10. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Chess - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  11. ^ London 1989 - Chess - Round 1 - Game 2 (ICGA Tournaments)
  12. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Chinese Chess - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  13. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Connect-Four - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  14. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Dominoes - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  15. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Draughts - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  16. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Go - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  17. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Go (9x9) - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  18. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Go-Moku - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  19. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Othello - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  20. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Renju - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  21. ^ Renju from Wikipedia
  22. ^ 1st Computer Olympiad, Scrabble - London 1989 (ICGA Tournaments)
  23. ^ ICGA Reference Database (pdf)

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