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QMOctagon.jpg

The Second Computer Olympiad was held from August 15 to 21, 1990, in the Octagon library of Queen Mary & Westfield College, London, United Kingdom. In Chess, Mephisto by Richard Lang took revenge on Rebel, first time running on an ARM2 processor, from last years defeat and managed a 100% score. Newcomer Zugzwang was a great surprise, and Kaissa was a new program with an old name, developed by a 9-member team around Mikhail Donskoy [1]. The second Computer Olympiad was again associated by the Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence workshop, soon followed by Advances in Computer Chess 6. Proceedings were edited by David Levy and Don Beal, published in 1991 [2].
Octagon [3]

Results

Awari

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P5
Medal
1
Lithidion
NL
Victor Allis, Maarten van der Meulen
5
Gold
2
Marco
FR
Rémi Niérat
0
Silver

Backgammon

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P
Medal
1
Video Gammon
US
Randall Hoogerhyde
15
Gold
2
Prospero
GB
Raymond Mills
6
Silver

Bridge

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P
Medal
1
Bridge Baron
GB
Tom Throop, Tony Guilfoyle
4
Gold
2
Oxford Bridge
GB
Andrew Bracher
2
Silver

Checkers

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P
Medal
1
Colossus (Checkers)
GB
Martin Bryant

Gold
2
Chinook
CA
Jonathan Schaeffer, Joe Culberson,
Duane Szafron, Norman Treloar,
Brent Knight, Paul Lu

Silver
3
Checkermate
GB
Derek Oldbury, Adrian Millett
0
Bronze

Chess

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Final Standing

#
Program
CC
M
R
Z
K
É
W
B
C
H
N
G
Bye
P
G
SOS
SoDOS
Medal
1
Mephisto X
GB
x
1
1
1


1
1
1
1


7
7
26
26
Gold
2
Rebel '90
NL
0
x
1
1
1

1
1
1



6
7
29
22
Silver
3
Zugzwang
DE
0
0
x

1
1
1

1

1

5
7
27½
14½
Bronze
4
Kaissa
RU
0
0

x

1
0


1
1
1
4
6
23½
7

5
Échec
FR

0
0

x

½
½

1
1
1
4
6
21


6
Woodpusher
GB


0
0

x

0
1
1
1
1
4
6
17½
5

7
Brainstorm
HU
0
0
0
1
½

x
1
1




7
31½
11½

8
Chess Player 2175X
GB
0
0


½
1
0
x

1

1

6
26½
8

9
Hiarcs
GB
0
0
0


0
0

x

1
1
2
6
26½
1

10
Nightmare
DE
0


0
0
0

0

x
1
1
2
6
23½
1

11
Chess Guru
FR


0
0
0
0


0
0
x
1
1
6
21
0


Participants

[9]
Program
CC
Authors
Hardware
Mephisto X
GB
Richard Lang
68030
Rebel '90
NL
Ed Schröder, Jan Louwman
Acorn Archimedes, ARM2
Zugzwang
DE
Rainer Feldmann, Peter Mysliwietz
32 x Inmos T800
Kaissa
RU
Mikhail Donskoy et al.
80386 PC @ 16 MHz
Échec
FR
Marc-François Baudot, Jean-Christophe Weill
80386 PC @ 33 MHz
Woodpusher
GB
John Hamlen
Atari ST, 68000
Brainstorm
HU
Gyula Horváth, Zsuzsa Horváth
80386 PC @ 16 MHz
Chess Player 2175X
GB
Chris Whittington
Amiga, 68030
Hiarcs
GB
Mark Uniacke
Amiga, 68000
Nightmare
DE
Reinhold Gellner, Gaby von Rekowski
80386 PC @ 16 MHz
Chess Guru
FR
Joël Rivat
80386 PC @ 16 MHz

Selected Games

Round 1,Échec - Rebel '90 [10]
[Event "2nd Computer Olympiad"]
[Site "London, UK"]
[Date "1990.08.15"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Échec"]
[Black "Rebel '90"]
[Result "0-1"]
 
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.Nc3 e6 5.g4 Bg6 6.Nge2 c5 7.Be3 Nc6 8.dxc5 Nxe5 9.Nd4 Ne7 
10.f4 Nd7 11.Bb5 h5 12.O-O hxg4 13.Qxg4 Nf5 14.Nxe6 Nxe3 15.Rae1 Be4 16.Rxe3 fxe6 
17.Qxe6+ Qe7 18.Bxd7+ Kd8 19.Nxe4 dxe4 20.Rd1 Kc7 21.Qd5 Qxc5 22.Qxe4 Rd8 23.Rd5 Qb6 
24.Rb5 Qa6 25.Rc3+ Kb8 26.Rd3 Rh6 27.Bc6 Rxd3 28.Qe8+ Kc7 29.cxd3 Rxc6 30.Qf7+ Kb8 
31.Qxf8+ Rc8 32.Qb4 Qg6+ 33.Kf2 Qxd3 34.Re5 Rc2+ 35.Kg1 Qg6+ 36.Rg5 Rc1+ 37.Kf2 Qd3 
38.Qf8+ Rc8 39.Rf5 Rxf8 40.Rxf8+ Kc7 41.Rf7+ Kc6 42.b3 Qc2+ 43.Kg3 Qxa2 44.Rxg7 Qxb3+ 
45.Kg4 Qd1+ 46.Kh4 Qe1+ 47.Rg3 Kd5 48.Kg5 Qxg3+ 49.hxg3 b5 50.f5 b4 51.f6 Ke6 52.Kg6 
b3 53.f7 b2 54.f8=Q b1=Q+ 55.Kg5 Qc1+ 56.Qf4 Qxf4+ 57.Kxf4 Kd5 58.Kf5 a5 59.g4 a4 
60.g5 Kd6 61.g6 Ke7 62.Kg5 Kf8 63.Kh6 Kg8 0-1 
Round 4, Mephisto X - Rebel '90 [11]
[Event "2nd Computer Olympiad"]
[Site "London, UK"]
[Date "1990.08.??"]
[Round "4"]
[White "Mephisto X"]
[Black "Rebel '90"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.cxd5 exd5 6.e3 c6 7.Bd3 Nbd7 8.Qc2 O-O 9.Nf3 Re8 
10.O-O Nf8 11.Rab1 a5 12.a3 Ng6 13.Nh4 Ne4 14.Bxe7 Qxe7 15.Nxg6 hxg6 16.Nxe4 dxe4 
17.Bc4 Be6 18.Rbc1 f5 19.Be2 Rf8 20.Qc5 Qxc5 21.Rxc5 Kf7 22.Rfc1 Ke7 23.Re5 Kd6 24.h4 
Rh8 25.g3 Bd5 26.Kg2 Raf8 27.Rc2 b6 28.Rc1 c5 29.b4 cxb4 30.axb4 a4 31.Rc3 Bb3 32.Rb5 
Rb8 33.f3 Rhf8 34.fxe4 fxe4 35.Rg5 Rf6 36.Bb5 Rb7 37.Rc6+ Ke7 38.Re5+ Kd8 39.Rc1 Re7 
40.Rxe7 Kxe7 41.Rc3 Kd6 42.g4 g5 43.hxg5 Rf7 44.Rc6+ Kd5 45.Rxb6 a3 46.Bc6+ Kc4 47.Ra6 
Rf3 48.Rxa3 Rxe3 49.Ba4 Bxa4 50.Rxe3 Kxd4 51.Ra3 Bc6 52.Ra6 Bb5 53.Rg6 e3 54.Rxg7 Kd3 
55.g6 Kd2 56.Re7 Bc6+ 1-0

Chinese Chess

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P4
Medal
1
Elephant
TW
Shun-Chin Hsu et al.
3
Gold
2
Chinese Chess Expert
TW
Kuo-Ming Tsao

Silver
3
NKS
CN
Huang Shao Long, Su Zhi
½
Bronze

Go

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19x19

[13]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P4
Medal
1
Go Intellect
US
Ken Chen
4
Gold
2
Swiss Explorer
CH
Anders Kierulf, Ken Chen
2
Silver
3
Go 4
GB
Michael Reiss
0
Bronze

9x9

[14]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P6
Medal
1
Go Intellect
US
Ken Chen
5
Gold
2
Go 4
GB
Michael Reiss
4
Silver
3
Dragon
TW
Dong-Yueh Lin
2
Bronze
4
Swiss Explorer
CH
Anders Kierulf, Ken Chen
1


Gomoku

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P12
Medal
1
Stone System
RU
Nikolai Alexandrov, Max Trukhan,
Andrey Grigoriev
10
Gold
2
Matena
RU
Anatoly Frolov, Alexander Gitis
9
Silver
3
Solid
PL
Adam Dolinsky
8
Bronze
3
Xoxoxo
RU
Lev Ilkov
8
Bronze
5
Protor
NL

5

6
Xokk
FI

2

7
Five Stars
RU

0


Othello

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#
Program
CC
Authors
P10
Playoff
Medal
1
Dumbo
NL
Tom Duykers
8
2
Gold
2
Verse2
NL
Ben de Wolf
8
0
Silver
3
Microb
FR
Maurice Claverie
7

Bronze
4
Vega
RU
Alexander Yakovlev
4


5
OT
FI
Markku Poÿsti
3


6
Iago
US
Greg M. Gupton
0



Qubic

[17]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P2
Medal
1
Qubic
RU
Andrey Grigoriev
2
Gold
2
Cube
GB
Mark Burton
0
Silver

Renju

< Prev Next > [18] [19]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P3
Medal
1
Renju Fan
RU
Nikolai Alexandrov, Max Trukhan,
Andrey Grigoriev
3
Gold
2
Xoxoxo
RU
Lev Ilkov
0
Silver

Scrabble

< Prev Next > [20]
#
Program
CC
Authors
P6
Medal
1
TSP
US
James Homan
5
Gold
2
Crab
US
Andrew Appel, Guy Jacobson,
Graeme Thomas, Steve Thomas

Silver
3
Tyler
US
Alan Frank

Bronze
4
Quetzal
GB
Tony Guilfoyle, Richard Hooker
1


Publications

Reports


Heuristic Programming in AI

  • David Levy, Don Beal (Eds.) (1991). Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence - The Second Computer Olympiad. Ellis Horwood [21] [22]

Tournaments

Conference

  1. Victor Allis, Maarten van der Meulen, Jaap van den Herik (1991). Databases in Awari. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  2. Björn Gambäck, Manny Rayner, Barney Pell (1991). An Architecture for a Sophisticated Mechanical Bridge Player. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  3. Kuo-Ming Tsao, Jen-Hsuan Li, Shun-Chin Hsu (1991). Design and Implementation of a Chinese Chess Program. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  4. Jonathan Schaeffer, Joe Culberson, Norman Treloar, Brent Knight, Paul Lu, Duane Szafron (1991). Reviving the Game of Checkers. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  5. Barney Pell (1991). Exploratory Learning in the Game of GO. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  6. Thomas Wolf (1991). Investigating Tsumego Problems with "RisiKo". Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  7. Ralph Gasser (1991). Applying Retrograde Analysis to Nine Men’s Morris. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  8. Jean-Christophe Weill (1991). Experiments With the NegaC* Search - An Alternative for Othello Endgame Search. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  9. Susan L. Epstein (1991). Deep Forks in Strategic Maps. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  10. Alan Frank (1991). Brute Force Search in Games of Imperfect Information. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  11. Andrey Grigoriev (1991). Artificial Intelligence or Stochastic Relaxation: Simulated Annealing Challenge. Heuristic Programming in AI 2
  12. Martin Müller (1991). The Smart Game Board as a Tool for Game Programmers. Heuristic Programming in AI 2 » Smart Game Board [23]
  13. Victor Allis, Jaap van den Herik, Bob Herschberg (1991). Which Games Will Survive? Heuristic Programming in AI 2

See also


Forum Posts


External Links


References

  1. ^ Zsuzsa Horváth (1990). Report on the 2nd Computer Olympiad. ICCA Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3
  2. ^ David Levy, Don Beal (Eds.) (1991). Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence - The Second Computer Olympiad. Ellis Horwood
  3. ^ Octagon shelves, Queen Mary College, Mile End, from Flickriver: Most interesting photos tagged with queenmarycollege by Fin Fahey
  4. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Awari - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  5. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Backgammon - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  6. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Bridge - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  7. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Checkers - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  8. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Chess - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  9. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad --- Chess results by Alain Le Borgne, rgc, August 27, 1990
  10. ^ London 1990 - Chess - Round 1 - Game 10 (ICGA Tournaments)
  11. ^ Zsuzsa Horváth (1990). Report on the 2nd Computer Olympiad. ICCA Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3
  12. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Chinese Chess - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  13. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Go - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  14. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Go (9x9) - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  15. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Go-Moku - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  16. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Othello - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  17. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Qubic - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  18. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Renju - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  19. ^ Renju from Wikipedia
  20. ^ 2nd Computer Olympiad, Scrabble - London 1990 (ICGA Tournaments)
  21. ^ Jos Uiterwijk (1991). Review: Heuristic Programming in Artificoal Intelligence - The Second Computer Olympiad. ICCA Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3
  22. ^ ICGA Reference Database (pdf)
  23. ^ Smart Game Board

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