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Allen Newell, (March 19, 1927 - July 19, 1992)
was a American researcher in computer science and pioneer in the field of artificial intelligence and chess software [1] at the Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1958, Allen Newell, Cliff Shaw, and Herbert Simon developed the chess program NSS [2]. It was written in a high-level language. Allen Newell and Herbert Simon were co-inventors of the alpha-beta algorithm, which was independently approximated or invented by John McCarthy, Arthur Samuel and Alexander Brudno [3]. Allen Newell and Herbert Simon received the Turing Award in 1975. Two of Allen Newell's students, Hans Berliner and James Gillogly became computer chess researchers and authors of famous chess computers.
Allen Newell [4]

See also


Selected Publications

[5] [6]

1955 ...

1960 ...

1970 ...

1980 ...

1990 ...


External Links


References

  1. ^ Allen Newell (1955). The Chess Machine: An Example of Dealing with a Complex Task by Adaptation. Proceedings Western Joint Computer Conference, pp. 101-108.
  2. ^ Allen Newell, Cliff Shaw, Herbert Simon (1958). Chess Playing Programs and the Problem of Complexity. IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 320-335. Reprinted (1963) in Computers and Thought (eds. Edward A. Feigenbaum and Julian Feldman), pp. 39-70. McGraw-Hill, New York, N.Y., pdf
  3. ^ John McCarthy Human-Level AI is harder than it seemed in 1955
  4. ^ Allen Newell Collection
  5. ^ ICGA Reference Database (pdf)
  6. ^ dblp: Allen Newell
  7. ^ General Problem Solver from Wikipedia
  8. ^ Information Processing Language - Wikipedia
  9. ^ Physical symbol system from Wikipedia

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