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A Chess Problem or Composition, set by a composer, is presented to (human) solvers with a particular task to be achieved. Chess problems include the sub-genre of directmates, helpmates and selfmates in a pre-determined number of moves, and retrograde analysis problems. Beside chess problems in classical or orthodox chess, Fairy chess offers an own branch of problem solving. Unlike problems, which often present very artificial looking positions, Studies or endgame studies often appear that they could occur in a game, and represent a sort of puzzle, usually not requiring a solution in a fixed number of moves. Dedicated chess problem and composition software is used as composition tool, and to prove correctness and uniqueness of chess problems. Chess aesthetics or beauty in chess is generally appreciated by both players and composers, awarded in certain championships also in the world of chess composition.

Studies in CPW

Chess Composer

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See also

Selected Publications

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External Links

Endgame Studies



Problem Blogs




Penrose Puzzle

» Roger Penrose, Penrose institute puzzle #1 • lichess.org [7]


  1. ^ www.arves.org - Moravec, Josef 1882-1969
  2. ^ This article is based on a presentation given at the banquet in honor of Richard Stanley's 60th birthday, and is dedicated to Stanley on this occasion
  3. ^ MatPlus.Net - General => Computers & chess problems ?
  4. ^ Dap Hartmann (2010). How can Humans learn from Computers? Review on Matej Guid's Ph.D. thesis, ICGA Journal, Vol. 33, No. 5
  5. ^ Dr. Mohammed Azlan Bin Mohamed Iqbal (Publications and Research Grants)
  6. ^ A computer program to identify beauty in problems and studies, ChessBase News, December 15, 2012
  7. ^ The Penrose Institute | Human and Artificial Intelligence
  8. ^ Penrose Puzzle by Erin Dame, CCC, March 14, 2017

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