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Elektronika IM, (Электроника ИМ)
a series of Soviet dedicated chess computers developed and produced by Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) Svetlana Factory [1] [2]. The ICCA Journal report on the First Soviet Computer-Chess Championship 1988 by Mikhail Donskoy and Jonathan Schaeffer [3] mentions Electronics-01 by V. Petrenko, Leningrad, special hardware, DEC Assembly, 8KiB ROM, 1KiB RAM, a 200 moves opening book, and alpha-beta search with 25 positions per second . The program ran on PDP-11 extended instruction set compatible 16-bit Soviet K1801VM1 processor.

According to Mike Watters, the Elektronika IM-01 was manufactured in the Soviet Union already in 1986. Elektronika, the brand name, is mainly associated with calculators, computers, watches and video games. IM stands for microprocessor game [4]. The chess computer was a sophisticated machine with a wide range of options.
Elektronika IM-01 [5]

Tournament Play

Due to travel problems, Elektronika IM-01 was unable to reach Ulan-Ude in time to play the First Soviet Computer-Chess Championship 1988. Arriving after the last round, exhibition games were arranged against the three top finisher Centaur, Strategist-1 and Algir. Petrenko's program scored 2½/3 drawing from Centaur, while only using a 1-ply search [6]. At the First International Chess-Computer Tournament in the USSR 1989 in Moscow, Elektronika IM became fifth with 2½/7 in a strong field dominated by Mephisto [7].

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References

  1. ^ Confirmed by Sergei Frolov
  2. ^ Saint Petersburg Encyclopaedia - Svetlana Factory
  3. ^ Mikhail Donskoy, Jonathan Schaeffer (1988). Report on the 1st Soviet Computer-Chess Championship or re-awakening a sleeping giant. ICCA Journal, Vol. 11, Nos. 2/3
  4. ^ Elektronika IM - 01 from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters
  5. ^ Elektronika IM - 01 from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters
  6. ^ Mikhail Donskoy, Jonathan Schaeffer (1988). Report on the 1st Soviet Computer-Chess Championship or re-awakening a sleeping giant. ICCA Journal, Vol. 11, Nos. 2/3
  7. ^ Alexander Timofeev (1989). Report on the 1st International Chess-Computer Tournament in the USSR. ICCA Journal, Vol. 12, No. 2

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