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Merim Bilalić,
a Bosnian and Herzegovinian psychologist at the University Hospital of University of Tübingen, and FIDE Master in chess. He received his Ph.D. from the Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University in 2008 on the topic of Einstellung effect in Chess or why good thoughts block better ones, supervised by Peter McLeod and Fernand Gobet, and was awarded with the Science Prize of the Karpov Chess Academy Rhine-Neckar for his thesis [1] [2].
Merim Bilalić [3]

Einstellung effect

Merim Bilalić, Why Good Thoughts Block Better Ones: The Mechanism of the Pernicious Einstellung (set) Effect, abstract [4]:
The Einstellung (set) effect occurs when the first idea that comes to mind, triggered by familiar features of a problem, prevents a better solution being found. It has been shown to affect both people facing novel problems and experts within their field of expertise. We show that it works by influencing mechanisms that determine what information is attended to. Having found one solution, expert chess players reported that they were looking for a better one. But their eye movements showed that they continued to look at features of the problem related to the solution they had already thought of. The mechanism which allows the first schema activated by familiar aspects of a problem to control the subsequent direction of attention may contribute to a wide range of biases both in everyday and expert thought - from confirmation bias in hypothesis testing to the tendency of scientists to ignore results that do not fit their favored theories.

See also

Selected Publications


External Links


  1. ^ Karpow - Schachakademie Rhein-Neckar e.V.
  2. ^ Wissenschaftspreis für Dr. Merim Bilalic | lokalmatador.de, June 19, 2011
  3. ^ Karpow - Schachakademie Rhein-Neckar e.V | Verleihung des Wissenschaftspreises 2008/2009
  4. ^ Merim Bilalić, Peter McLeod, Fernand Gobet (2008). Why Good Thoughts Block Better Ones: The Mechanism of the Pernicious Einstellung (set) Effect. Cognition, Vol. 108, No. 3, preprint pdf
  5. ^ DBLP: Merim Bilalic
  6. ^ Alexandre Linhares, Paulo Brum (2007). Understanding our understanding of strategic scenarios: What role do chunks play. Cognitive Science, 31, pdf
  7. ^ Alexandre Linhares, Paulo Brum (2009). How Can Experts See the Invisible? Reply to Bilalic and Gobet. Cognitive Science, Vol 33, No. 5

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