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Mikhail Vladimirovich Donskoy, (Михаил Владимирович Донской, September 9, 1948 - January 13, 2009 [1])
was a Russian computer scientist and chess programmer. He studied at the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, where his teachers include Alexander Kronrod and Georgy Adelson-Velsky, and was also affiliated with the Moscow State University where he had to appeal professor Mikhail R. Shura-Bura with his programming skills [2]. By 1971, Mikhail Donskoy joined with Vladimir Arlazarov and Anatoly Uskov to program the successor of the ITEP Chess Program on an ICL 4/70 at the Institute of Control Sciences, called Kaissa [3] , which became the first World Computer Chess Champion in 1974 in Stockholm [4] . The development of Kaissa was accompanied by Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Vladimir Arlazarov, Anatoly Uskov and Alexander Bitman.

From 1982 Mikhail Donskoy was the chief system programmer for the INES DBMS, the INES archive system original programmer. Since 1989 he was leader of the programmers group later growing into DISCo (Donskoy's Interactive Software Company). Mikhail Donskoy died at age 60.
Mikhail Donskoy [5]

Photos

[6] :
Donskoy.WCCC_1974.jpg
Misha Donskoy at the World Computer Chess Championship in Stockholm 1974

Kaissa_Baisley_Donskoy.jpg
Alan Baisley (left) faces Mikhail Donskoy, Round 2 WCCC 1974, Tech 2 vs Kaissa
[Event "WCCC 1974"]
[Site "Stockholm, Sweden"]
[Date "1974.08.06"]
[Round "2"]
[White "Tech 2"]
[Black "Kaissa"]
[Result "0-1"]
 
1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Nf6 3.Bb5+ Bd7 4.Bc4 Bg4 5.f3 Bc8 6.Nc3 Nbd7 7.Ne4 Ne5 
8.Nxf6+ exf6 9.Qe2 Qe7 10.Bb5+ c6 11.dxc6 bxc6 12.Ba4 Ba6 13.Qe4 O-O-O 
14.Ne2 Bxe2 15.Kxe2 Qd7 16.d3 Re8 17.Be3 Bd6 18.c3 Bb8 19.Bc2 Ng6 
20.Qb4 Nf4+ 21.Kf2 Rxe3 22.Kxe3 Nd5+ 23.Ke2 Nxb4 24.cxb4 Qd4 25.Rab1 Re8+ 
26.Kf1 Qe3 27.d4 Qe2+ 28.Kg1 Qxc2 29.Kf1 Qxb1+ 30.Kf2 Qxb2+ 31.Kf1 Qe2+ 
32.Kg1 Qd1+ 33.Kf2 Re2#
Arlazarov_Donskoy_WCCC_1980.jpg
Arlazarov and Donskoy at the 3rd World Computer Chess Championship 1980 in Linz

ReznitkiyStilmanDonskoyBotvinnikNewborn.jpg
A. Reznitskiy, B. Stilman, M. Donskoy, M. Botvinnik, Monty & Amy Newborn [7] [8] [9] [10]

Lazarov_Thompson_Donskoy_KAISSA_team.Montreal.jpg
Vladimir Arlazarov, Ken Thompson and Mikhail Donskoy 1992

Quotes

Quote from Mikhail Donskoy's life cycle of a programmer [11]:
When I was in high school I learned to program on the M-20 ... In the group of programmers at Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, where computing work was done on nuclear physics on the M-20, they came up with arrays, lists, the need for subroutines and more. One of my teachers, Georgy Adelson-Velsky came up with a hash memory. Details can be found in another of my teachers - Alexander Kronrod "Conversations about programming". Even before Dijkstra's basic principles of structured programming was known, Alexander Brudno published the book "Programming in meaningful notation." There was also created the first chess program ... The chess program ITEP, the predecessor of Kaissa fit in memory of M-20, namely in 4096 cells, each of which has a 48-bit ...

See also


Selected Publications

1975 ...

1980 ...

1990 ...

2000 ...


External Links


References

  1. ^ Памяти Михаила Донского (1948-2009) (Russian) - He's always done exactly what was interesting to him by Mikhail Blinkin, translated by Google Translate, polit.ru, January 14, 2009
  2. ^ Михаил Донской: Жизненный цикл программиста - ПОЛИТ.РУ (Russian) Mikhail Donskoy - The life cycle of a programmer translated by Google Translate, polit.ru August 20, 2008
  3. ^ История компьютерных игр. Виртуальный компьютерный музей. Англо-Русский компьютерный словарь. Вычисления в докомпьютерную эпоху. Технологии. Компьютерные игры. История развития электросвязи. История развития ПО. История вычислительной техники в России и за рубежом from the Russian Virtual Computer Museum
  4. ^ KAISSA by Bill Wall
  5. ^ Computer chess pioneer Mikhail Donskoy passes on from ChessBase News, January 16, 2009
  6. ^ Photos of Mikhail Donskoy, gifts by Monroe Newborn, hosted by The Computer History Museum
  7. ^ Tony Marsland, Monty Newborn (1981). A brighter future for Soviet computer chess? ICCA Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1, pdf
  8. ^ Monroe Newborn and Soviet computer chess developers in Moscow, Gift of Monroe Newborn, 1980
  9. ^ Computer chess pioneer Mikhail Donskoy passes on from ChessBase News, January 16, 2009
  10. ^ Kaissa & Botvinik by Shay Bushinsky, rgcc, October 16, 1997
  11. ^ Михаил Донской: Жизненный цикл программиста - ПОЛИТ.РУ (Russian) Mikhail Donskoy - The life cycle of a programmer translated by Google Translate, polit.ru August 20, 2008
  12. ^ Method of Analogies?? by Bruce Cleaver, CCC, May 29, 1998

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