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Nathaniel Rochester (January 14, 1919 – June 8, 2001),
an American electical engineer and pioneer in computer science and artificial intelligence. He received a B.Sc. in electrical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1941, and moved to IBM in 1948, where he designed the IBM 701 and wrote the first symbolic assembler, which allowed programs to be written in short, readable commands rather than pure numbers or punch codes.

In 1955, Rochester co-organized the Dartmouth Conference [1], and later supervised AI projects, including Arthur Samuel's checkers program, Herbert Gelernter's Geometry Theorem Prover [2] and Alex Bernstein's chess program [3]. In 1958, he was a visiting professor at MIT, where he helped John McCarthy with the development of Lisp programming language. In the 1960s, Rochester continued to work at IBM, directing cutting edge research in cryogenics and tunnel diode circuits.
Nathaniel Rochester [4]

Selected Publications


External Links


  1. ^ John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester, Claude Shannon (1955). A Proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence.
  2. ^ Herbert Gelernter and Nathaniel Rochester (1958). Intelligent Behavior in Problem-Solving Machines. IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 2, No. 4
  3. ^ Nathaniel Rochester (computer scientist) from Wikipedia
  4. ^ IBM100 - Magnetic Tape Storage | The Team
  5. ^ DBLP: Nathaniel Rochester

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