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CXG Newcrest Technology Ltd., (CXG Systems)
a Hong Kong based manufacturer of consumer electronics and dedicated chess computers managed by Australian technologist Eric White along with Ken Cohen. CXG forerunner were founded in 1979 as Cassia and in 1981 as White and Allcock [1], renamed in 1984 to CXG Newcrest Technology Limited, in 1991 changed over to National Telecommunications System Ltd. with further successors Krypton Ltd. (1994) and Timorite Ltd. (1995-1996), Systema Leisure Ltd. (1997-2001), and subsequently other Hong Kong companies, continuing the dedicated computer business [2].
CXG Logo [3]

Cassia

The first dedicated chess computer of Cassia was the Cassia Chess Mate in 1979, a clone of Ron Nelson's Chess Challenger 10 [4] [5], also shipped as Toytronic Chess Electronics [6] [7], and CXG Computachess I [8].

CXG

In 1981, Eric White started the collaboration with David Levy's and Kevin O’Connell's new company Intelligent Software. White and Allcock's first own dedicated chess computer was the CXG Sensor Computachess [9] with a 4-bit Hitachi processor HD44801, and the program by Mark Taylor using only 160 nibbles of RAM, which predecessor was already instantiated in the SciSys Mini Chess series earlier this year. CXG became brand name of White and Allcock and since 1984 CXG Newcrest Technology Ltd.

Chess computers were designed in Hong Kong, manufactured in China, and then marketed under various brand names and retailers, including CXG [10] [11], Computer Games Ltd. (CGL), ComputaChess, Crown, Hanimex, Unimex, Tandy via RadioShack, Krypton [12] [13], Schneider [14] [15], Systema and Toytronic. In 1998 in partnership with Tiger Electronics (Hasbro) [16], White produced the Tiger Grenadier and Tiger Voice Master [17]. Chess computers were also manufactured for Excalibur and Millennium 2000 [18]. David Levy was the source of programs for all cheaper models [19], using Sunplus 8-bit chips [20] (now Generalplus [21]).

Selected Computers

Year
Model
Programmer
1979
Cassia Chess Mate
Ron Nelson [22] [23]
1981
CXG Sensor Computachess
Mark Taylor
1982
CXG Computachess II
Mark Taylor
1983
Systema Computachess [24]
Mark Taylor
1984
CXG Chess 2001
Richard Lang

CXG Computachess III
Kaare Danielsen
1985
CXG Star Chess
Kaare Danielsen
1986
CXG Sphinx Titan
Kaare Danielsen

CXG Advanced Star Chess
Kaare Danielsen
1987
CXG Sphinx
Mark Taylor
1989
CXG Sphinx Dominator
Frans Morsch

CXG Sphinx Galaxy
Frans Morsch
1992
CXG Sphinx Accolade
Gyula Horváth

Associated Programmers

Author
List of computers [25]
Kaare Danielsen
Danielsen, Kaare
Chrilly Donninger
Donninger, Christian
Gyula Horváth
Horvath, Gyula
Richard Lang
Lang, Richard
Frans Morsch
Morsch, Frans
Mark Taylor & David Levy
Taylor, Mark

Forum Posts


External Links


References

  1. ^ "White and Allcock was meant to be a joke name for the partnership, the ‘all cock’ being Ken Cohen. It became a source of amusement to White and Cohen that their Chinese colleagues never realised". Quote from Chess Computers - The UK Story by Mike Watters
  2. ^ De firma Krypton en Timoride in vogelvlucht by Hein Veldhuis, Dutch and German pdf
  3. ^ CXG Electronic Chess Computers from The Spacious Mind
  4. ^ Re: Ron Nelson by ChessChallenger, Hiarcs Forum, December 24, 2015
  5. ^ Cassia - Chess Mate, pdf hosted by Hein Veldhuis (Dutch)
  6. ^ Toytronic Chess Electronics from Schachcomputer.info Wiki (German)
  7. ^ Toytronic - Chess Electronics, pdf hosted by Hein Veldhuis (Dutch)
  8. ^ Re: Ron Nelson Chess Challenger 10 by ChessChallenger, Hiarcs Forum, January 24, 2016
  9. ^ CXG Sensor Computachess from Schachcomputer.info Wiki
  10. ^ CXG Electronic Chess Computers from The Spacious Mind
  11. ^ CXG from Schachcomputer.info Wiki
  12. ^ Krypton from The Spacious Mind
  13. ^ Krypton from Schachcomputer.info Wiki
  14. ^ Schneider from Schachcomputer.info Wiki
  15. ^ Schneider Electronic Chess Computers from The Spacious Mind
  16. ^ Tiger Electronic Chess Computers from The Spacious Mind
  17. ^ Tiger Voice Master from Tom's English Homepage by Tom Luif
  18. ^ De firma Millennium 2000 GmbH Hegener & Weiner in vogelvlucht by Hein Veldhuis, Dutch and German pdf
  19. ^ Chess Computers - The UK Story by Mike Watters
  20. ^ Sunplus MCU
  21. ^ Generalplus homepage
  22. ^ Cassia - Chess Mate, pdf hosted by Hein Veldhuis (Dutch)
  23. ^ Re: Ron Nelson Chess Challenger 10 by ChessChallenger, Hiarcs Forum, January 24, 2016
  24. ^ Systema Computachess Electronic Chess Computers from The Spacious Mind
  25. ^ List of computers from Schachcomputer.info Wiki contains various manufacturer

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