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Norbert Wiener, (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964)
was an American mathematician and founder of cybernetics. From 1919 until 1960 Wiener was professor at MIT. In his 1948 book Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine [1], he describes how a chess program could be developed using a depth-limited minimax search with an evaluation function.
Norbert Wiener [2]

Photos

saz15Torresson.jpg
Gonzalo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates El Ajedrecista
to Norbert Wiener, Paris Cybernetic Congress 1951 [3] [4]

Quotes

Quote from Science in Rewiew: Cybernetics, a New Science [5]
Professor Wiener assures us that a mechanical chess player could be constructed that "might very well be as good a player as the vast majority of the human race." Since each mechanical brain provides the knowledge with which to build a better mechanical brain, it is conceivable that eventually we may build a better mechanical brain, it is conceivable that eventually we may build machines that will surpass the best human brains in thinking capacity, that may not only do all man's work for him but also solve such problems as the control of the atomic bomb and how to reconcile east and west. All that would be left for man to do would be to devise ways to stop the machine from destroying him.

Quote by Norbert Wiener from Ex-Prodigy: My Childhood and Youth [6]
The Advantage is that mathematics is a field in which one's blunders tend to show very clearly and can be corrected or erased with a stroke of the pencil. It is a field which has often been compared with chess, but differs from the latter in that it is only one's best moments that count and not one's worst. A single inattention may lose a chess game, whereas a single successful approach to a problem, among many which have been relegated to the wastebasket, will make a mathematician's reputation.

Selected Publications


See also


External Links


References

  1. ^ Norbert Wiener (1948). Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine - MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
  2. ^ An Anecdote to Norbert Wiener blog by Shubhendu Trivedi
  3. ^ A New Photograph of “El jugador ajedrecista,” the World’s First Chess Computer by Nathan Bauman, July 16th, 2006
  4. ^ David Mindell, Jérôme Segal, Slava Gerovitch (2003). Cybernetics and Information Theory in the United States, France and the Soviet Union. in Mark Walker, Science and Ideology: A Comparative History » Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener, covers the 1951 Paris Cybernetic Congress
  5. ^ Science in Rewiew: Cybernetics, a New Science by William L. Laurence, New York Times, Sunday, December 19, 1948
  6. ^ Norbert Wiener (1953). Ex-Prodigy: My Childhood and Youth - MIT Press, Cambridge, MA
  7. ^ Ex-Prodigy, My Childhood and Youth (pdf) Book Review by R. Narasimha

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