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Robert West Howard,
an Australian psychologist and lecturer at School of Education, University of New South Wales. His research interests include individual differences, learning and memory, and motivation.
Robert W. Howard [1]

Rise of Human Intelligence?

Robert W. Howard studied how the chess ratings of top players escalated over decades, and he concluded that the entire world is just getting smarter. Ratings growth is preliminary evidence that “average human intelligence really is rising,” he wrote [2]. Fernand Gobet et al. suggested that this explanation has several difficulties, showing that alternative explanations relating to changes in the chess environment, including increased access to chess knowledge, offer better explanations for the increased presence of young players at top-level chess [3]. As pointed out by Andrew Soltis [4], in contrast to Howard's claim, Ken Regan has a more modest goal. He devised a new metric, Intrinsic Performance Rating (IPR), to measure the move quality of great players of the past using the Rybka program [5].

Selected Publications


External Links


  1. ^ Survey: the role of talent and training in chess, ChessBase News, June 12, 2008
  2. ^ Robert W. Howard (1999). Preliminary Real-World Evidence That Average Human Intelligence Really is Rising. Intelligence, Vol. 27, No. 3
  3. ^ Fernand Gobet, Guillermo Campitelli, Andrew J. Waters (2002). Rise of human intelligence Comments on Howard (1999). Intelligence, Vol. 30
  4. ^ Better than ever by Andy Soltis, nypost.com, April 7, 2012
  5. ^ Kenneth Wingate Regan, Guy McCrossan Haworth (2011). Intrinsic Chess Ratings. AAAI 2011, pdf, slides as pdf
  6. ^ Amazon.com: Robert W. Howard: Books
  7. ^ Susan Polgar from Wikipedia
  8. ^ Sofia Polgar from Wikipedia
  9. ^ Judit Polgár from Wikipedia

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