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Vladimir L’vovich Arlazarov,
a Russian mathematician, computer scientist, computer chess pioneer, and CEO of the private company Cognitive Technologies [1] [2] founded in 1993, located in the building of the Institute of Systems Analysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow [3]. Since 2007, Vladimir Arlazarov is member of the European Academy of Sciences [4].

In 1963 [5] at Alexander Kronrod’s laboratory at the Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Vladimir Arlazarov co-developed the ITEP Chess Program, along with Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Anatoly Uskov and Alexander Zhivotovsky, advised by Russian chess master Alexander Bitman and three-time world champion Mikhail Botvinnik [6]. At the end of 1966 a four game match began between the Kotok-McCarthy-Program, running on a IBM 7090 computer, and the ITEP Chess Program on a Soviet M-2 computer. The match played over nine months was won 3-1 by the The ITEP program, despite playing on slower hardware. By 1971, Mikhail Donskoy joined with Arlazarov and Uskov to program its successor on an ICL System 4/70 at the Institute of Control Sciences, called Kaissa, which became the first World Computer Chess Champion in 1974 in Stockholm.
Vladimir Arlazarov [7] [8]


Kaissa on an ICL 4/70 operated by Vladimir Arlazarov during the WCCC 1974 [9]

Vladimir Arlazarov, Ken Thompson and Mikhail Donskoy, 1992 [10]

Selected Publications

[11] [12] [13] [14]


1970 ...

1975 ...

1980 ...

1985 ...

2005 ...

2010 ...

See also

Forum Posts

External Links


  1. ^ Vladimir Arlazarov at Cognitive Technologies
  2. ^ Cognitive Technologies: Main
  3. ^ Welcome to the ISA RAS website!
  4. ^ Cognitive Technologies: News and events 2007
  5. ^ "Каисса" - Историю программы рассказывает один из ее создателей Михаил Донской - Kaissa by Mikhail Donskoy, translated by Google Translate
  6. ^ International Grandmaster and World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik in Moscow, 1980, Gift of Monroe Newborn, "Botvinnik served as a consultant to Soviet computer chess developers who developed an early program at ITEP which won a correspondence chess match against a Stanford University chess program led by John McCarthy in 1967. Later he advised the team that created the chess program Kaissa at Moscow’s Institute for Control Science"
  7. ^ Tony Marsland, Monty Newborn (1981). A brighter future for Soviet computer chess? ICCA Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1, pdf
  8. ^ Arlazarov in Moscow 1980, Photo by Monroe Newborn from The Computer History Museum
  9. ^ Kaissa World Champion from Памяти Г. М. Адельсон-Вельского | Facebook (cropped), Image from display case TASS, 1974
  10. ^ Photo by Monroe Newborn from History of Computer Chess from The Computer History Museum
  11. ^ zbMATH - Arlazarov, V. L.
  12. ^ Arlazarov Vladimir L'vovich from Math-Net.Ru
  13. ^ ICGA Reference Database (pdf)
  14. ^ dblp: Vladimir L. Arlazarov
  15. ^ Method of Four Russians from Wikipedia
  16. ^ Yefim Dinitz (2006). Dinitz' Algorithm: The Original Version and Even's Version. Theoretical Computer Science, Springer, pdf
  17. ^ Dinic's algorithm from Wikipedia
  18. ^ Method of Analogies?? by Bruce Cleaver, CCC, May 29, 1998

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