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The Second World Computer Chess Championship took place from August 7 to 9, 1977, in Toronto, Canada, under the auspices of the new founded ICCA. It was a four round swiss tournament with 16 participants. Chess 4.6 was the sole winner with 4 out of 4.
David Levy [1]

Final Standing

2nd World Computer Chess Championship 1977, Toronto CA [2] [3] [4] .
#
Program
CC
R1
R2
R3
R4
P
SOS
SoDOS
1
Chess 4.6
US
13w1
6b1
2w1
4b1
4
9
9
2
Duchess
US
3w1
7w1
1b0
6b1
3
11
7
3
Kaissa
SU
2b0
16w1
5b1
11b1
3
7
4
4
Belle
US
11w½
12b1
8w1
1w0

9

5
CHAOS
US
15w1
8b½
3w0
12b1



6
Master
GB
14b1
1w0
10b1
2w0
2
10½

7
Ostrich
CA
9w1
2b0
11w½
13b½
2
8

8
Dark Horse
SE
16b1
5w½
4b0
9b½
2
7

9
Wita
CA
7b0
13b1
15w½
8w½
2

3
10
Elsa
DE
12w½
11b½
6w0
15b1
2
6

11
Black Knight
US
4b½
10w½
7b½
3w0



12
Blitz 5
US
10b½
4w0
14b1
5w0



13
BCP
GB
1b0
9w0
16b1
7w½

8
1
14
Chute 1.2
CA
6w0
15b½
12w0
16b1


½
15
Bs6676
NL
5b0
14w½
9b½
10w0
1
8

16
Tell
CH
8w0
3b0
13w0
14w0
0
8
0

Participants

2nd World Computer Chess Championship 1977, Toronto CA [5]
Program
CC
Authors
Hardware
Language
BCP
GB
Don Beal
CDC 6400
Fortran and Assembly
Belle
US
Ken Thompson, Joe Condon
PDP-11 + Chess Hardware
C
Black Knight
US
Fred Prouse, Kenn Sogge,
Gary Maltzen, Lonny Lebahn
UNIVAC 1110
Fortran
Blitz 5
US
Robert Hyatt
XDS Sigma 9
Fortran
Bs6676
NL
Barend Swets
IBM 370/168
Fortran
Chess 4.6
US
Larry Atkin, David Slate, David Cahlander
CDC Cyber 176
Assembly
CHAOS
US
Mike Alexander, Victor Berman, Ira Ruben,
Fred Swartz, William Toikka, Joe Winograd
Amdahl 470v/6
Fortran
Chute 1.2
CA
Michael Valenti, Zvonko Vranesic
Amdahl 470v/6
XPL
Dark Horse
SE
Ulf Rathsman
CDC 6400
Fortran
Duchess
US
Eric Jensen, Tom Truscott, Bruce Wright
IBM 370/165
PL/I and Assembly
Elsa
DE
Ludwig Zagler
TR 440
Assembly
Kaissa
SU
Mikhail Donskoy, Vladimir Arlazarov,
Anatoly Uskov, Georgy Adelson-Velsky
IBM 370/168
Assembly
Master
GB
John Birmingham, Peter Kent
IBM 370/168
PL/I
Ostrich
CA
Monty Newborn, George Arnold
SuperNOVA
Assembly
Tell
CH
Johann Joss
DEC KL-10
Algol 60
Wita
CA
Tony Marsland
Amdahl 470v/6
Algol W

Selected Games

Round 1, Duchess - Kaissa [6] , where Kaissa surprised with 34... Re8 [7]
[Event "WCCC 1977"]
[Site "Toronto, Canada"]
[Date "1977.08.07"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Duchess"]
[Black "Kaissa"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Nf6 3.d4 Nxd5 4.Nf3 g6 5.Be2 Bg7 6.c4 Nb6 7.Nc3 O-O 8.Be3 Bg4
9.c5 Nd5 10.O-O e6 11.Qb3 b6 12.Nxd5 exd5 13.Bg5 Qd7 14.h3 Bf5 15.Qc3 Re8
16.Rfe1 Be4 17.Nd2 Qf5 18.Be3 Qe6 19.Nxe4 dxe4 20.cxb6 cxb6 21.Rec1 Nd7 22.Bg4
Qd5 23.Qc6 Nf6 24.Be2 Rad8 25.Qa4 Re7 26.Bb5 Qf5 27.Rc2 Nd5 28.Rac1 Bf6 29.Qb3
a5 30.g4 Qe6 31.Rc6 a4 32.Qxa4 Rd6 33.Rxd6 Qxd6 34.Qa8+ Re8 35.Qxe8+ Kg7 36.g5
Bd8 37.Bc4 Qe7 38.Qxe7 Nxe7 39.Bf4 Nf5 40.Bd5 Kf8 41.Rc8 Ke7 42.Rc4 Ng7 43.Bxe4
Ne6 44.Be3 Nc7 45.d5 Nb5 46.Bf3 Kd7 47.a4 Nd6 48.Rc6 Nf5 1-0
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/iZ7hDLNI

See also


Publications


Forum Posts


External Links


References

  1. ^ 1977 World Computer Chess Championship, Toronto, Canada, Footage excerpted from Nova episode 0509 The Mind Machines, 1978, The Computer History Museum
    David Levy: The crowd tonight is absolutely phenomenal, I've never seen a crowd like this before at a computer chess tournament and there's certainly about twice as many people here as ever go to watch the US Open Championship or the United States Closed Championship, even when Fischer was playing. I think that probably most of you are having a good laugh tonight and you're here out of curiosity, but in a few years time you'll be here because these programs are playing better then the masters and grand masters in the US championship.
  2. ^ ICGA Tournament site
  3. ^ 2nd World Computer Chess Championship 1977 CSVN tournament site
  4. ^ World Computer Chess Championship - 2nd WCCC - 1977 Toronto by Mark Weeks
  5. ^ Peter Jennings (1978). The Second World Computer Chess Championships - Where KAISSA Founders on a Bug and CHESS 4.6 Conquers All. BYTE, Vol. 3, No. 1
  6. ^ Toronto 1977 - Chess - Round 1 - Game 1 (ICGA Tournaments)
  7. ^ Looking for a position by Aaron Tay, CCC, December 02, 2001

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