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320px-Brucknerhaus_mit_Alpenblick.jpg

The Third World Computer Chess Championship took place from September 25 to 29, 1980, at Brucknerhaus, Linz, Austria, under the auspices of the ICCA. The championship was held as part of Linz's annual Bruckner Festival and was presented as one of the special events in the Ars Electronica activities, which included seminars on electronic and the arts, computer music, and a microcomputer chess exhibition [1] .
The tournament organizers were David Levy, Ben Mittman and Monroe Newborn. Special guests were Claude Shannon, the developer of the information theory, and Friðrik Ólafsson, President of FIDE. Commentary was done in German and English by German Grandmaster Helmut Pfleger.

It was a four round Swiss tournament, with both Belle and CHAOS finishing with 3½. The championship was decided by the most exciting game of the tournament, a playoff between Shannon's Type A versus Type B strategy in presence of its innovator, which was won by Belle, the type A brute force program with about 1000 times more nodes per second.
Brucknerhaus, Danube, Alps with Großer Priel [2]

Final Standing

3rd World Computer Chess Championship 1980, Linz AT [3] [4] .
#
Program
CC
R1
R2
R3
R4
P
SOS
SoDOS
Play-off
1
Belle
US
8w1
6b½
4w1
3b1



2w1
2
CHAOS
US
17w1
4b½
6w1
7w1



1b0
3
Duchess
US
18w1
12w1
7b1
1w0
3

4

4
L'Excentrique
CA
5w1
2w½
1b0
12b1

11


5
Chess 4.9
US
4b0
9w½
11b1
10w1


5

6
Nuchess
US
16b1
1w½
2b0
9w½
2
10½


7
Kaissa
SU
14b1
13w1
3w0
2b0
2

3

8
BCP
GB
1b0
10w½
14b½
15w1
2



9
Bebe
US
10b½
5b½
12w½
6b½
2
8
4

10
Schach 2.3
DE
9w½
8b½
13w1
5b0
2
8


11
Awit
CA
13b0
17b1
5w0
18b1
2



12
Master
GB
15w1
3b0
9b½
4w0

9


13
Ostrich 81
CA
11w1
7b0
10b0
14w½




14
MyChess
US
7w0
15b½
8w½
13b½

7


15
Parwell
DE
12b0
14w½
16b1
8b0




16
Advance 1.0
GB
6w0
18b½
15w0
17w1

5


17
Dark Horse
SE
2b0
11w0
18w1
16b0
1

½

18
Chess Challenger
US
3b0
16w½
17b0
11w0
½

¾


Participants

3rd World Computer Chess Championship 1980, Linz AT [5]
Program
CC
Authors
Hardware
Advance 1.0
GB
Mike Johnson, Dave Wilson
6502 + Bit Slice
Chess hardware
Awit
CA
Tony Marsland
Amdahl 470v/7
BCP
GB
Don Beal
PDP 11/70
Bebe
US
Tony Scherzer
Bit Slice Chess hardware
Belle
US
Ken Thompson, Joe Condon
PDP-11/23, LSI-11
with custom boards
CHAOS
US
Mike Alexander, Victor Berman,
Jack O’Keefe, Fred Swartz
Amdahl 470
Chess 4.9
US
Larry Atkin, David Cahlander
CDC Cyber 176
Chess Challenger
US
Dan and Kathe Spracklen,
Ron Nelson, Ed English, Frank Duason
Z80 or 6502 [6]
Dark Horse
SE
Ulf Rathsman
UNIVAC 1100/81
Duchess
US
Tom Truscott, Bruce Wright, Eric Jensen
Amdahl 470v/8
Kaissa
SU
Vladimir Arlazarov, Mikhail Donskoy
IBM 370/168
L'Excentrique
CA
Claude Jarry
Amdahl 470v/7
Master
GB
John Birmingham, Peter Kent
IBM 3033
MyChess
US
David Kittinger, John Urwin
Cromenco Z80 System
Nuchess
US
David Slate, William Blanchard
CDC Cyber 176
Ostrich 81
CA
Monty Newborn
Nova 4
Parwell
DE
Thomas Nitsche, Elmar Henne,
Wolfram Wolff
Siemens SMS 201
Schach 2.3
DE
Matthias Engelbach
Burroughs 7800

Photos

ClaudeShannon1980.jpg
Special guest Claude Shannon just before round 4 starts, David Levy left [7]

Photos & Games

Round 4

Claude_Shannon_with_Ken_Thompson.jpg
Claude Shannon, Tom Truscott and Ken Thompson [8] , Duchess - Belle [9]
[Event "WCCC 1980"]
[Site "Linz, Austria"]
[Date "1980.09.28"]
[Round "4"]
[White "Duchess"]
[Black "Belle"]
[Result "0-1"]
 
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Re1 d5 7.Bxd5 Qxd5 8.Nc3 Qa5 
9.Nxe4 Be6 10.Bd2 Bb4 11.Nxd4 Nxd4 12.c3 Be7 13.cxd4 Qd5 14.Rc1 c6 15.Bg5 Bxg5 
16.Rc5 Qxa2 17.Nxg5 O-O-O 18.Nxe6 fxe6 19.Qd2 Rd5 20.Rcc1 Rb5 21.Re2 Rd8 22.Qc3 Rd6
23.Qc2 g6 24.Rd1 Rbd5 25.Re4 e5 26.Re3 Rxd4 27.Rde1 Rd2 28.Qc5 Qxb2 29.Rxe5 Qb6 
30.Re8+ Rd8 31.Rxd8+ Rxd8 32.Qe7 Qa5 33.Rb1 Rd7 34.Qe3 Qb6 35.Qe8+ Qd8 36.Qe6 Qe7
37.Qg8+ Rd8 38.Qc4 h5 39.f4 Re8 40.Ra1 Qe3+ 41.Kf1 a6 42.Rd1 g5 43.f5 Qe5 44.Qd3
Rf8 45.Qd7+ Kb8 46.Kg1 Qc5+ 47.Kh1 Qxf5 48.Qd6+ Kc8 49.h3 g4 50.hxg4 hxg4 51.Re1 Rd8 
52.Qh6 Qf2 0-1

Playoff

WCCC-Linz.Belle_vs_Chaos.jpg
Belle vs CHAOS, Thompson, Friedel, Berman, Swartz, Donskoy [10] [11]
[Event "WCCC 1980"]
[Site "Linz, Austria"]
[Date "1980.09.29"]
[Round "5 (playoff)"]
[White "Belle"]
[Black "CHAOS"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.Nf3 dxe5 5.Nxe5 g6 6.g3 Bf5 7.c4 Nb4 8.Qa4+ N4c6 9.d5 Bc2
10.Qb5 Qd6 11.Nxc6 Nxc6 12.Nc3 Bg7 13.Qxb7 O-O 14.Qxc6 Qb4 15.Kd2 Be4 16.Rg1 Rfb8 
17.Bh3 Bh6+ 18.f4 Qa5 19.Re1 f5 20.Qe6+ Kf8 21.b3 Bg7 22.Bb2 Bd4 23.g4 Rb6 24.Qd7 Rd6 
25.Qa4 Qb6 26.Ba3 Bxc3+ 27.Kxc3 Rdd8 28.Rad1 Qf2 29.gxf5 Qc2+ 30.Kd4 gxf5 31.Qc6 Qf2+ 
32.Ke5 Kg8 33.Rg1+ Kh8 34.Bxe7 Qb2+ 35.Rd4 Qg2 36.Qf6+ Kg8 37.Bxg2 Rxd5+ 38.Ke6 h6 
39.Qxh6 Re5+ 40.fxe5 Rf8 41.Bf3# 1-0

Book Issues

It was remarkable that in the round three game of CHAOS versus Nuchess [12] , almost the same book-line occurred as six years before at WCCC 1974 in the game of CHAOS versus Chess, both programs with David Slate involved. In 1974 CHAOS already played 16 NxP!! - a move which has been acclaimed as the finest ever made by a computer of that time, as mentioned by Alex Bell [13] .

[Event "WCCC 1980"]
[Site "Linz, Austria"]
[Date "1980.09.27"]
[Round "3"]
[White "CHAOS"]
[Black "Nuchess"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 e6 5.Bxc4 c5 6.Qe2 a6 7.O-O b5 8.Bb3 Bb7 9.Rd1 Nbd7
10.Nc3 Bd6 11.e4 cxd4 12.Nxd4 Qb8 13.g3 b4 14.Na4 Bxe4 15.f3 Bb7 16.Nxe6 fxe6
17.Qxe6+ Kd8 18.Rxd6 Qc7 19.Be3 Re8 20.Bb6 Rxe6 21.Bxe6 Bxf3 22.Rc1 Ra7 23.Rxc7 Rxc7
24.Bxc7+ Kxc7 25.Rxa6 Bc6 26.Ra7+ Kb8 27.Ra5 Kc7 28.b3 Kd6 29.Bxd7 Bxd7 30.Nb6 Kc6
31.Nxd7 Nxd7 32.Kf2 Nc5 33.Ke3 Kb6 34.Ra8 Ne6 35.Ke4 Kc5 36.Ra5+ Kb6 37.Re5 Nc5+
38.Kd4 Nb7 39.Re7 Nd6 40.Ke5 Nb5 41.Rxg7 h5 42.Rf7 Nc3 43.Rf2 Kc5 44.Rd2 Nb5 1-0
The 1974 game [14] :
[Event "WCCC 1974"]
[Site "Stockholm, Sweden"]
[Date "1974.08.06"]
[Round "2"]
[White "CHAOS"]
[Black "Chess 4.0"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 e6 5.Bxc4 c5 6.Qe2 a6 7.O-O b5 8.Bb3 Bb7 9.Rd1 Nbd7
10.Nc3 Bd6 11.e4 cxd4 12.Nxd4 Qb8 13.g3 b4 14.Na4 Bxe4 15.f3 Bg6 16.Nxe6 fxe6
17.Qxe6+ Be7 18.Re1 Qd8 19.Bf4 Kf8 20.Rad1 Ra7 21.Rc1 Ng8 22.Rcd1 a5 23.Bd6 Bxd6
24.Qxd6+ Ne7 25.Nc5 Bf5 26.g4 Qe8 27.Ba4 b3 28.gxf5 bxa2 29.Bxd7 a1=Q 30.Rxa1 Ra6
31.Nxa6 Qd8 32.Kf2 Kf7 33.Qe6+ Kf8 34.Qxe7+ Qxe7 35.Rxe7 Kxe7 36.Nc5 Rb8 37.Rxa5 Rxb2+
38.Kg3 g6 39.fxg6 hxg6 40.Ra6 Rc2 41.Re6+ Kf8 42.Re5 Rc1 43.Rg5 Kf7 44.Be6+ Kf6
45.h4 Rxc5 46.Rxc5 Kxe6 47.Rg5 Kf6 48.Kg4 Kf7 49.Rc5 Ke6 50.Kg5 Kd6 51.Ra5 Kc6
52.f4 Kb6 53.Ra1 Kc5 54.Rd1 Kb4 55.Kxg6 Kc3 56.Rd8 Kb4 57.Rc8 Kb5 58.h5 Kb6 59.Rc1 Kb5
60.h6 Ka4 61.Rb1 Ka3 62.f5 Ka2 63.Rb8 Ka3 64.f6 Ka4 65.Rb7 Ka5 66.Rb8 Ka4 67.Rb1 Ka3
68.Rb7 Ka4 69.Rb8 Ka5 70.Kg7 Ka4 71.Rb7 Ka5 72.Rb2 Ka4 73.Rb8 Ka5 74.Kg8 Ka4 75.h7 Ka5
76.h8=Q Ka4 77.Qh4+ Ka5 78.Qb4+ Ka6 79.Qa4# 1-0

Quotes

From Michael Hauben's netbook Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet [15] :
Truscott and Wright continued to participate in the Chess Tournaments and in 1980 they competed in the 3rd world Computer Chess Championship held in Linz, Austria. Thompson and Joe Condon, who was a researcher at Bell Labs, were also in the competition. Truscott notes that Thompson and Condon "had completed their hardware chess machine and snagged first place. Duchess came in third. And Claude Shannon was in attendance, and even handed out the trophies at the awards ceremony. Afterwards we all went over to a TV studio to watch a West German TV special on computer chess and the championship. Claude Shannon and his wife were very engaging people. Someone took a photo of all of us, I have a copy buried somewhere".

Chess_Pioneers_Mittman_Newborn_Marsland_Slate_Levy_Shannon_Thompson_Truscott.c1980.102665753.lg.jpg
Chess pioneers in Sacher Hotel Vienna, Austria 1980: Ben Mittman, Monty Newborn,
Tony Marsland, Dave Slate, David Levy, Claude Shannon, Ken Thompson, Betty Shannon, Tom Truscott [16]

See also


Publications


External Links


References

  1. ^ 3. Computer-Schachweltmeisterschaft (German), Ars Electronica 1980
  2. ^ Brucknerhaus mit Alpenblick, photo by Axel Marquard, April 25, 2012, Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ 3rd World Computer Chess Championship - Linz 1980 (ICGA Tournaments)
  4. ^ World Computer Chess Championship - 3rd WCCC - 1980 Linz by Mark Weeks
  5. ^ David Levy, Ben Mittman, Monroe Newborn (1980). 3rd World Computer Chess Championship. Communications of the ACM, Vol. 23, No. 11, Reprint in The Fourth World Computer Chess Championship, pdf from The Computer History Museum, pdf from Danny Kopec
  6. ^ Sargon immer noch Marktführer:: Mikros noch ohne Großmeister-Format, November 28, 1980, Computerwoche 48/1980 (German)
  7. ^ Claude Shannon during the 3rd World Computer Chess Championship that was staged in the course of the Ars Electronica Festival 1980, credit: LIVA – Linzer Veranstaltungsgesellschaft mbH, Ars Electronica - Codes & Clowns (2010/2011) – Flickr
  8. ^ archive.computerhistory.org - /resources/still-image - Mittman-Benjamin
  9. ^ Linz 1980, Chess, Round 4, Game 9 from the ICGA Tournament Database
  10. ^ Photo by Monroe Newborn from The Computer History Museum
  11. ^ Militärischer Wert Der Spiegel 24/1982, pdf (German)
  12. ^ Linz 1980 - Chess - Round 3 - Game 9 (ICGA Tournaments)
  13. ^ Alex Bell (1978). MASTER at IFIPS. from Atlas Computer Laboratory, hosted by Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL), excerpt from A. G. Bell (1978). The Machine Plays Chess. Pergamon Press, ISBN-13: 978-0080212227, from amazon
  14. ^ Stockholm 1974 - Chess - Round 2 - Game 6 (ICGA Tournaments)
  15. ^ Chapter 10 - On the early days of Usenet: The Roots of the cooperative Online Culture a draft chapter from Michael Hauben, Ronda Hauben (1997). Netizens: On the History and Impact of Usenet and the Internet. Wiley-IEEE Computer Society Press, ISBN: 978-0-8186-7706-9
  16. ^ Chess pioneers in Sacher Hotel Vienna, Austria, Gift of Benjamin Mittman, The Computer History Museum
  17. ^ Reprint in The Fourth World Computer Chess Championship, pdf from The Computer History Museum, pdf from Danny Kopec
  18. ^ Publication Archive from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters
  19. ^ Unofficial Klaus Schulze discography - Linzer Stahlsinfonie

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