Home * Tournaments * World Computer Chess Championship * 5th WCCC Cologne 1986
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800px-Cologne_panorama.jpg

The Fifth World Computer Chess Championship took place from June 11 to 15, 1986, within the scope of Cologne Trade Fair, Cologne, West Germany. It was a tough and controversial tournament. Four programs finished with four out of five, and the winner was determined by sum of opponent scores. That is why the tournament was also decided by games from the bottom half.

The program Rebel on a 6502 TurboKit TK20 @ 10 MHz [1] was close to become the champion against the mainframe programs, but didn't manage to win a "won game" in the last round against BeBe. The later winner, Cray Blitz lost the second round against Bobby, but managed to win the last round against HiTech, which had a perfect score so far. A protest by Hans Berliner, suspicious by a move of Cray Blitz was declined by the arbiter after inspecting Blitz's log-files. Lucky for Cray Blitz was the adjudicated win against Schach 2.7 [2] . Years later, Rex co-author Sam Sloan started a campaign and claimed cheating by various sides [3] .
Cologne skyline [4]

Final Standing

5th World Computer Chess Championship 1986, Cologne FRG [5] [6]
#
Program
CC
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5
Total
SOS
SoDOS
G
1
Cray Blitz
US
20w1
6b0
2w1
14b1
3w1
4
14½
11½
5
2
Bebe
US
16b1
15w1
1b0
11w1
5b1
4
13½

5
3
HiTech
US
18b1
14w1
7b1
5w1
1b0
4
13½

5
4
Sun Phoenix
CA
5b0
11w1
18b1
7w1
6b1
4
13
10
5
5
Rebel
NL
4w1
12b1
6w1
3b0
2w0
3
17½

5
6
Bobby
DE
19b1
1w1
5b0
8w1
4w0
3
15½

5
7
Plymate
SE
21b1
8w1
3w0
4b0
12w1
3
14½

5
8
Mephisto X
GB
9w1
7b0
17w1
6b0
14w1
3
13
7
5
9
Dutch
NL
8b0
19w1
11b½
15w½
13w1
3
11½

5
10
Nona
NL
14b0
18w0
21b1
22b1
15w1
3

3
5
11
Advance 68K
GB
17w1
4b0
9w½
2b0
19w1

14½
5
5
12
Lachex
US
13b1
5w0
16b½
18w1
7b0

12
5
5
13
Ostrich
CA
12w0
20b1
15b½
16w1
9b0

11

5
14
Schach 2.7
DE
10w1
3b0
22w1
1w0
8b0
2
14
3
5
15
Cyrus 68K
GB
22w1
2b0
13w½
9b½
10b0
2
12

5
16
Vaxchess
GB
2w0
23b1
12w½
13b0
17w½
2
11

5
17
Chat
DE
11b0
21w1
8b0
19w½
16b½
2
10

5
18
BCP
GB
3w0
10b1
4w0
12b0
20w½

15

5
19
Enterprise
DK
6w0
9b0
20w1
17b½
11b0

12

5
20
Awit
CA
1b0
13w0
19b0
21w1
18b½

10½
1.75
5
21
Rex
US
7w0
17b0
10w0
20b0
22b1
1
10½
1
5
22
Shess
NL
15b0
bye
14b0
10w0
21w0
1
8
0
4
23
Kempelen
HU
bye
16w0



0
2
0
1

Participants

5th World Computer Chess Championship 1986, Cologne FRG [7]
Program
CC
Authors, Operators
Hardware, Processor
Language
Nodes/sec
Advance 68K
GB
Mike Johnson, Dave Wilson
68000
Assembly
100
Awit
CA
Tony Marsland
Amdahl 5860
Algol-W
8
BCP
GB
Don Beal
Zilog Z8000 system
Assembly
5,000
Bebe
US
Tony Scherzer, Linda Scherzer
SYS-10, AMD Am2900 Bit slice
Assembly
45,000
Bobby
DE
Hans-Joachim Kraas, Günther Schrüfer
Amdahl 470 V7B
Pascal
400
Chat
DE
Wolfgang Delmare
CDC Cyber 175
Pascal
500
Cray Blitz
US
Robert Hyatt, Harry Nelson, Albert Gower
Cray X-MP-48
Fortran, CAL
100,000
Cyrus 68K
GB
Mark Taylor, Kevin O’Connell, David Levy
IBM PC with 68020 card
Assembly
3,000
Dutch
NL
Harry Nefkens, Roger Hünen, Jaap van den Herik
GOULD
C
1,000
Enterprise
DK
Kaare Danielsen
6301Y
Assembly
500
HiTech
US
Hans Berliner, Carl Ebeling et al.
Sun-3 + Chess Hardware
C
175,000
Kempelen
HU
Attila Kovács
Atari 520 ST
C, Assembly
n.a.
Lachex
US
Burton Wendroff, Tony Warnock
Cray X-MP 4/16
Fortran, CAL
40,000
Mephisto X
GB
Richard Lang, Ossi Weiner
68000
Assembly
2,000
Nona
NL
Frans Morsch, Hans van der Zijden
Mondial 65C02 system
Assembly
800
Ostrich
CA
Monroe Newborn
Eclipse + 7 x Nova 4
Assembly
2,000
Plymate
SE
Ulf Rathsman
6502
Assembly
2,500
Rebel
NL
Ed Schröder, Jan Louwman
6502 TurboKit @ 10 MHz
Assembly
500
Rex
US
Don Dailey, Sam Sloan
80286 Tandy 3000
Pascal
n.a.
Schach 2.7
DE
Matthias Engelbach
B 7800
Algol
1,500
Shess
NL
Ard van Bergen
MicroVAX II
Fortran, Assembly
400
Sun Phoenix
CA
Jonathan Schaeffer
2*10 Sun-3 with 68020
C
n.a.
Vaxchess
GB
Tony Guilfoyle, Richard Hooker
MicroVAX
Assembly
800

Photos & Games

Round 4

Awit - Rex

WCCC86R4.JPG

AwitRexSheet.jpg
Kaare Danielsen, Tony Marsland, Don Dailey, ..., Sam Sloan [8]

Awit - Rex Score sheet [9] [10] [11] [12]
[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.14"]
[Round "4"]
[White "Awit"]
[Black "Rex"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.b3 e5 2.Bb2 Nc6 3.e3 d5 4.Bb5 Qg5 5.Nf3 Qxg2 6.Rg1 Qh3 7.Bxe5 Bg4 8.Rg3
Bxf3 9.Qxf3 Qh6 10.Qxd5 Ne7 11.Bxc6+ bxc6 12.Qf3 Nd5 13.Qg4 Qxh2 14.Bxg7 Bxg7
15.Qxg7 Ke7 16.Qe5+ Kd7 17.Na3 Ne7 18.Qd4+ Ke6 19.Qe4+ Kd7 20.Rg7 Qh5 21.Nc4
Ke8 22.Ne5 f5 23.Qg2 Qh6 24.Nxc6 Nxc6 25.Rxc7 Kf8 26.Rxc6 Qg7 27.Rf6+ Qxf6
28.Qxa8+ Kf7 29.Qxa7+ Kf8 30.d4 Ke8 31.Ke2 Kf8 32.c4 h6 33.a4 Rg8 34.a5 Rg7
35.Qc5+ Re7 36.a6 f4 37.a7 f3+ 38.Kf1 Kg8 39.a8=Q+ Kh7 40.Qh5 Rf7 41.Ra6 Kg7
42.Rxf6 Rxf6 43.Qe5 h5 44.Qxf3 1-0
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/JuJnVlf5

Bobby - Mephisto X

SchrueferKraasWeinerLang1986.JPG
Günther Schrüfer, Hans-Joachim Kraas, Ossi Weiner and Richard Lang [13]
Round 4, Bobby - Mephisto X [14]
[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.14"]
[Round "4"]
[White "Bobby"]
[Black "Mephisto X"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.c4 Nb6 5.exd6 exd6 6.Nc3 Be7 7.h3 O-O 8.Nf3 Nc6
9.Be2 Bf5 10.O-O Qd7 11.Bf4 Rae8 12.a4 Bf6 13.a5 Nc8 14.a6 b6 15.g4 Bxg4
16.hxg4 Qxg4+ 17.Bg3 Nxd4 18.Nxd4 Qxd4 19.Qc2 h6 20.Rfd1 Qc5 21.Nb5 Be5
22.Rd5 Qc6 23.Bxe5 Rxe5 24.Rxe5 dxe5 25.Bg4 Nd6 26.Nxa7 Qc5 27.Bd7 e4 28.Nb5
Nxb5 29.Bxb5 Qg5+ 30.Kf1 Qh4 31.Rd1 Qh1+ 32.Ke2 Qf3+ 33.Ke1 Qh1+ 34.Kd2 Qg2
35.Kc1 Qg6 36.Qb3 c6 37.Ba4 c5 38.Qg3 Ra8 39.Qxg6 fxg6 40.Bb5 g5 41.Rd7 h5
42.a7 e3 43.fxe3 Rf8 44.Bc6 h4 45.a8=Q Rxa8 46.Bxa8 h3 47.Rd5 1-0
 
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/R10oewMw

Adjudication

Round 4, Schach 2.7 - Cray Blitz, Adjudication by Michael Valvo with help of Vlastimil Hort after seven hours of play [15] [16] .
[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.14"]
[Round "4"]
[White "Schach 2.7"]
[Black "Cray Blitz"]
[Result "0-1"]
 
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 d5 4.Nc3 Be7 5.Bg5 O-O 6.e3 Ne4 7.Bxe7 Qxe7 8.Nxe4 dxe4
9.Nd2 e5 10.dxe5 Qxe5 11.Qc2 Na6 12.O-O-O Bg4 13.f3 exf3 14.gxf3 Bh5 15.Bd3 f5
16.Rhe1 Rad8 17.Bf1 Qxh2 18.c5 Qe5 19.c6 Kh8 20.cxb7 Nc5 21.Nc4 Qg3 22.Qxf5 Rxd1+
23.Rxd1 Qxf3 24.Qxf3 Bxf3 25.Rd4 Bxb7 26.Be2 g6 27.Ne5 Re8 28.Ng4 Re4 29.Kd2 h5
30.Nf6 Rxd4+ 31.exd4 Ne4+ 32.Nxe4 Bxe4 33.Ke3 Bd5 34.Kf4 Bxa2 35.Bd3 Kg7 36.Kg5 Bf7
37.Be4 a5 38.Bc6 Bg8 39.Be4 Bh7 40.Bd3 h4 41.Bf1 Bg8 42.Bh3 Bd5 43.Bg4 Be4 44.Kxh4
Kf6 45.Bd7 Bf5 46.Bc6 g5+ 47.Kg3 0-1
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/whIlVyM4

Showdown in round 5

cologne2.jpg

last table yet unidentified


David Levy kibitzing (left, standing)
Mephisto X - Schach 2.7
Richard Lang, Ossi Weiner

Ard van Bergen
Rex - Shess
Don Dailey (back)
Vaxchess operator (?)
Vaxchess - Chat
Wolfgang Delmare (back)

Hans van der Zijden
Nona - Cyrus 68K
Kevin O’Connell (back), Mark Taylor (back)

Hans-Joachim Kraas, Günther Schrüfer
Bobby - Sun Phoenix
Jonathan Schaeffer (back)

Harry Nelson

Cray Blitz - HiTech

Carl Ebeling, Hans Berliner (back)


Jan Louwman, Ed Schröder


Rebel - Bebe


Tony Scherzer (back)
Total view [17]




WCCC86R5.JPG

.


Hans Berliner and Carl Ebeling

David Levy
Nona - Cyrus 68K
Hans van der Zijden (back)

Vaxchess - Chat
Wolfgang Delmare

Sam Sloan, Don Dailey
Rex - Shess

Ard van Bergen

part of Richard Lang, Ossi Weiner
Mephisto X - Schach 2.7
Other perspective [18]


Nona - Cyrus 68K

TaylorOConnellLevy1986.JPG wccc-1986-david-levy.jpg
Nona - Cyrus 68K, just before 14... Ke8, Mark Taylor, Kevin O’Connell and David Levy [19] [20]
[Event ""WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Nona"]
[Black "Cyrus 68K"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.d4 e6 2.e4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 Ne7 5.Bd2 Nf5 6.Nf3 Be7 7.Bd3 Nc6 8.Be3 Nxe3 9.fxe3 Nb4
10.Be2 c5 11.O-O Nc6 12.Na4 c4 13.Nc3 Kf8 14.e4 Ke8 15.Rf2 h6 16.exd5 exd5 17.Qd2 Bf5
18.Nd1 Nb4 19.Ne3 Be4 20.b3 cxb3 21.axb3 h5 22.Ng5 Bxg5 23.Qxb4 Qe7 24.Bb5+ Kf8 25.Qxe7+
Kxe7 26.Re1 Ke6 27.c4 Raf8 28.cxd5+ Bxd5 29.Nxd5 Kxd5 30.e6 Be7 31.Rxf7 Rxf7 32.exf7 Bb4
33.Rd1 Rf8 34.Be2 h4 35.Bc4+ Kd6 36.Rf1 Bc3 37.Rf4 Rh8 38.f8=Q+ 1-0
WCCC1986R5Hort.JPG
Few moves later: Vlastimil Hort, Frans Morsch, Hans van der Zijden,
Hans-Joachim Kraas far right in Bobby vs Sun Phoenix [21]
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/mnAkUmDn

Bobby - Sun Phoenix

[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Bobby"]
[Black "Sun Phoenix"]
[Result "0-1"]
 
1.e4 e6 2.b3 d5 3.Bb2 dxe4 4.Nc3 Nf6 5.Qe2 Be7 6.O-O-O Qd4 7.Re1 O-O 8.Nxe4 Qxe4
9.Qxe4 Nxe4 10.Rxe4 Nd7 11.Nf3 Bc5 12.d4 Nf6 13.Rh4 Be7 14.Kb1 e5 15.h3 e4 16.Ne5 Be6
17.Bc4 Bxc4 18.bxc4 c5 19.d5 e3 20.Rf4 exf2 21.Rxf2 Ne4 22.Rf4 Nd2+ 23.Ka1 Bd6 24.Re1
Rae8 25.Re2 f5 26.Rh4 Ne4 27.Nd3 Re7 28.Re3 g6 29.Nc1 Rfe8 30.a4 h5 31.Nb3 Kh7 32.Na5
Kh6 33.Rf3 Ng3 34.Rb3 b6 35.Nc6 Re1+ 36.Ka2 g5 37.Nxa7 Ra8 38.Nb5 Rxa4+ 39.Ba3 Be5
40.Nd4 0-1
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/HidtIfmD

Cray Blitz - HiTech

wccc-1986-crayblitz-hitech.jpg

cologne1.jpg ||
Cray Blitz - HiTech, recognized people: Schaeffer, Nelson, Berliner, Ebeling, Schröder [22]
[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Cray Blitz"]
[Black "Hitech"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 e6 5.Bxc4 c5 6.Qe2 a6 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.O-O b5
9.Rd1 Qe7 10.Bd3 e5 11.e4 Nc6 12.Nc3 Bg4 13.Be3 Rd8 14.h3 Bxe3 15.Qxe3 Bxf3
16.Qxf3 Nd4 17.Qg3 O-O 18.a4 b4 19.Nd5 Nxd5 20.exd5 Rxd5 21.Bxa6 b3 22.Qe3 Rfd8
23.Bc4 Nc2 24.Qe2 Rc5 25.Rxd8+ Qxd8 26.Rb1 Nd4 27.Qf1 Qd7 28.Ra1 Qc6 29.Bb5 Nxb5
30.axb5 Qb7 31.Ra3 g6 32.Rxb3 Qd5 33.Rb4 Rc2 34.b3 Qd2 35.Rc4 Rb2 36.Re4 Qd5
37.Qc4 Qd1+ 38.Kh2 Rxf2 39.Rxe5 Qd6 40.Qc8+ Kg7 41.Qc5 Qd2 42.Rg5 Re2 43.Rg4 Qa2
44.Qc3+ Kg8 45.b6 Qa8 46.Qc7 Qf8 47.b7 Re8 48.Rc4 Kg7 49.Rc6 Rb8 50.Qc8 Rxc8
51.bxc8=Q Qb4 52.Qc7 Qxb3 53.Qe5+ Kh6 54.Qf4+ Kg7 55.Qd4+ Kh6 56.Rb6 Qc2 57.Qf4+
Kg7 58.Qf6+ Kh6 59.Qxf7 Qc8 60.Rd6 1-0
CrayBlitzHitechHort1986.JPG
Vlastimil Hort, Harry Nelson and Hans Berliner [23]
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/Be5OMzpy

Rebel - Bebe

[Event "WCCC 1986"]
[Site "Cologne, Germany"]
[Date "1986.06.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Rebel"]
[Black "Bebe"]
[Result "0-1"]
 
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.e4 g6 7.Bf4 a6 8.Nf3 Bg4
9.Be2 Qb6 10.Qd2 Bg7 11.O-O O-O 12.h3 Bxf3 13.Bxf3 Nbd7 14.Rad1 Rfe8 15.b3 Ne5
16.Be2 Qb4 17.Qc2 Re7 18.Bg3 Rae8 19.Rfe1 g5 20.Rf1 Kh8 21.Rc1 h5 22.f4 gxf4
23.Rxf4 Ng6 24.Rf5 Nxe4 25.Nxe4 Qxe4 26.Qxe4 Rxe4 27.Bxh5 Ne7 28.Rxf7 Bd4+
29.Kh1 Nxd5 30.Rxb7 Rd8 31.Bf3 Re3 32.Bh4 Nf6 33.Rf7 Re6 34.Bd5 Nxd5 35.Bxd8 Nb4
36.a3 Kg8 37.Rcf1 Nc2 38.Rf8+ Kg7 39.a4 d5 40.h4 Ne3 41.R1f7+ Kg6 42.Rc7 Nd1
43.Rg8+ Kf5 44.Rf7+ Ke4 45.g4 Kd3 46.h5 Re1+ 47.Kg2 Ne3+ 48.Kg3 Be5+ 49.Kh4 Rh1+
50.Kg5 Rg1 51.Kg6 Rxg4+ 52.Bg5 Rb4 53.Bxe3 Kxe3 54.Re8 Rg4+ 55.Kh7 Re4 56.Ra7 d4
57.Rxa6 d3 58.Rg6 d2 59.Rg1 Kf2 60.Reg8 Re1 61.R1g2+ Ke3 62.Rxd2 Kxd2 63.Rc8 Bd4
64.Rb8 Re6 65.Rb7 Kc2 66.b4 c4 67.b5 c3 68.Rd7 Kd3 69.b6 c2 70.b7 c1=Q 0-1
Game and short analyze on Lichess.org : https://en.lichess.org/q0N74AHU

Games


See also


Reports


Forum Posts


External Links


Video


References

  1. ^ Schaetzle+Bsteh High Speed Processor System TK20 TurboKit MTK20 Multi TurboKit. pdf hosted by Hein Veldhuis
  2. ^ Helmut Horacek (1986). The Fifth World Computer Chess Championship Cologne, 1986, Research Unit for Information Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Hamburg, from Kings Move - Welcome to the 1989 AGT World Computer Chess Championship. pg 21, pdf from The Computer History Museum
  3. ^ Cheating in the World Computer Chess Championship by Sam Sloan, rec.games.chess.misc, March 11, 1999
  4. ^ Cologne from Wikipedia
  5. ^ 5th World Computer Chess Championship ICGA tournament site
  6. ^ World Computer Chess Championship - 5th WCCC - 1986 Cologne by Mark Weeks has 16, 17 swapped
  7. ^ Participants of the fifth World Computer-Chess Championship. ICCA Journal, Vol. 9, No. 2, p. 94
  8. ^ WCCC 1986 Video 9:16
  9. ^ Index of /~tony/Public/Awit-Wita-ComputerChess/5thWCCC-Cologne1986
  10. ^ r4-awit-rex.txt by Tony Marsland
  11. ^ Cheating in the World Computer Chess Championship by Sam Sloan, rec.games.chess.misc, March 11, 1999
  12. ^ Cologne 1986 - Chess - Round 4 - Game 1 (ICGA Tournaments)
  13. ^ László Lindner, A SZÁMÍTÓGÉPES SAKK KÉPEKBEN című melléklete - The pictures of the Beginning of Chess Computers
  14. ^ Cologne 1986, Chess, Round 4, Game 4
  15. ^ Cologne 1986 - Chess - Round 4 - Game 10 (ICGA Tournaments)
  16. ^ Schach 2.7 vs Cray Blitz [1986 World Computer Chess Championship] by José Antônio Fabiano Mendes, CCC, October 24, 2000
  17. ^ Historic Pictures by Ed Schröder
  18. ^ WCCC 1986 Video 1:15
  19. ^ Chess Computers - The UK Story from Chess Computer UK by Mike Watters
  20. ^ Cologne 1986 - Chess - Round 5 - Game 7 (ICGA Tournaments)
  21. ^ Image from Pierre Nolot (1986). Echecs: Les Progès des Programmes. Jeux et Stratégie
  22. ^ Historic Pictures by Ed Schröder
  23. ^ Image from Pierre Nolot (1986). Echecs: Les Progès des Programmes. Jeux et Stratégie
  24. ^ 5th WCCC 1986, article in french + pictures by Vincent Lejeune, CCC, November 12, 2012
  25. ^ Historic video's hosted by Ed Schröder
  26. ^ A couple of new historic video's by Ed Schröder, CCC, Mar 17, 2013
  27. ^ Re: 5th WCCC 1986, video on youtube by Harald Lüßen, CCC, March 20, 2013 (English summary)
  28. ^ Das Genie mit dem eisernen Arm by Wolfram Runkel, Die Zeit, Nr. 08, February 08, 1979 (German)
  29. ^ Schach-Computer: Jahrtausende pro Partie and Mit dem 9. Zug schien der Schotte verloren, Der Spiegel 7/1979, February 12, 1979 (German)
  30. ^ Remembering Werner Harenberg (1) by Frederic Friedel, ChessBase News, March 04, 2014

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