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Alexander Rafailovich Bitman, (Александр Рафаилович Битман, 1939 - September 9, 2013)
was a Russian programmer, chess master [1], and Go player [2]. Alexander Bitman was co-developer and Chess adviser of the ITEP Chess Program at Alexander Kronrod’s laboratory at the Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP). At the end of 1966 the four game match began between the Kotok-McCarthy-Program, running on a IBM 7090 computer, and the ITEP Chess Program on a Soviet M-2 computer [3]. The match played over nine months was won 3-1 by the ITEP program. Alexander Bitman became member of the Kaissa team [4], which won the First World Computer Chess Championship 1974 in Stockholm. In 1988, after Kaissa's retirement, Bitman was tournament director of the First Soviet Computer-Chess Championship in Ulan-Ude [5].

On September 9, 2013, Alexander Rafailovich Bitman was killed by a hit-and-run car accident at the Institute of Systems Analysis, Bersenevskaya waterfront in Moscow [6].
Alexander Bitman [7]


Tony Marsland and Monty Newborn in their report of their USSR visit, December 1980 [8]:
We arrived in Moscow on December 7th and spent several days in technical talks at the Institute for System Studies with the Kaissa group - Mikhail Donskoy, Vladimir Arlazarov, Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Alexander Bitman, and Anatoly Uskov. Bitman, a master level player, easily outplayed the Chess Sensory Challenger which we brought along with us for demonstration purposes ...

See also

Selected Publications

Forum Posts

External Links


  1. ^ Alexander R. Bitman's Chess Games from 365chess.com
  2. ^ Sensei's Library: Alexander Bitman
  3. ^ The Fast Universal Digital Computer M-2 by the Russian Virtual Computer Museum
  4. ^ History of Kaissa
  5. ^ Mikhail Donskoy, Jonathan Schaeffer (1988). Report on the 1st Soviet Computer-Chess Championship or re-awakening a sleeping giant. ICCA Journal, Vol. 11, Nos. 2/3
  6. ^ Alexander Bitman by Harvey Williamson, Hiarcs Forum, September 22, 2013
  7. ^ Погиб Александр Рафаилович Битман | Об игре го, September 11, 2013 (obituary by Mikhail Krylov)
  8. ^ Tony Marsland, Monty Newborn (1981). A brighter future for Soviet computer chess? ICCA Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1, pdf

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