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Alexander A. Zhivotovsky,
is a Russian computer scientist. In 1963 [1] at Alexander Kronrod’s laboratory at the Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Alexander Zhivotovsky co-developed the ITEP Chess Program, together with Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Vladimir Arlazarov and Anatoly Uskov, advised by Russian chess master Alexander Bitman and three-time world champion Mikhail Botvinnik.

At the end of 1966 a four game match began between the Kotok-McCarthy-Program, running on a IBM 7090 computer, and the ITEP Chess Program on a Soviet M-2 computer [2]. The match played over nine months was won 3-1 by the The ITEP program, despite playing on slower hardware.

Selected Publications

Forum Posts


  1. ^ "Каисса" - Историю программы рассказывает один из ее создателей Михаил Донской - Kaissa by Mikhail Donskoy, translated by Google Translate
  2. ^ The Fast Universal Digital Computer M-2 by the Russian Virtual Computer Museum

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