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Arduino, (due to a legal dispute, since 2015 it is known as Genuino outside the United States [1])
a family of open-source hardware single-board microcontrollers based on the Atmel 8-bit AVR RISC chips [2] . An important aspect of the Arduino is the standard way that connectors are exposed, allowing the CPU board to be connected to a variety of interchangeable add-on modules known as shields [3] . Some shields communicate with the Arduino board directly over various pins, but many shields are individually addressable via an I²C serial bus, allowing many shields to be stacked and used in parallel [4] .

This page focuses on two boards with concrete computer chess applications.
Arduino Mega [5]

Arduino Uno

The Arduino Uno is based on the ATmega328 running at 16 MHz with 32 KiB ISP Flash memory with read-while-write capabilities, 1 KiB EEPROM, and 2 KiB SRAM. It has 14 digital input/output pins and six analog inputs and USB connection.

Arduino Mega

The 2009 released Arduino Mega uses the ATmega1280 [6] , also running at 16 MHz, but with 128 KiB of Flash memory which 4 KiB used by bootloader, 8 KiB SRAM, and 4 KiB EEPROM. Arduino Mega has 54 digital input/output pins, 16 analog inputs, 4 UARTs, and USB connection.


Arduino provides an integrated development environment running on a host computer, supporting the C/C++ based Arduino language [7] . Software written using Arduino language are called sketches, and undergoes minor changes like automatic generation of function prototypes during the build process, and then passed directly to a C/C++ compiler. All standard C and C++ constructs supported by AVR-g++ should work in Arduino. Alternatively, one may compile programs for the Arduino using AVR development tools, which requires configuration to link against the appropriate files in the Arduino core libraries [8] .

Computer Chess

Arduino controllers are suitable to build a dedicated chess computer - to control a self-made sensory board [9], or even to run small chess programs.

Chess Programs

Micro-Max by Harm Geert Muller was aleady ported for the Atmel-ATmega88 by Andre Adrian [10] , and is also available as ATM18 mini chess computer [11] from the electronics magazine Elektor. Óscar Toledo Gutiérrez' program Toledo Nanochess seems appropriate for the Arduino boards as well [12] . Otherwise, for Uno and Mega, there are some more chess programs available, dedicated and emulated.

Little Rook Chess

Little Rook Chess by Oliver Kraus is a chess game for using the Arduino Uno with a dedicated user interface realized with an Electronic Assembly DOG LCD module [13] and button shield. Little Rook Chess is part of the u8glib library (Universal 8bit Graphics Library) [14] under the terms of the new bsd license [15].


Obsolescence Guaranteed [16] has ported the original 6502 MicroChess, wrapped in a 6502 emulator, to the Arduino [17]. A further development is the KIM Uno [18], a calculator-sized KIM-1 replica with MicroChess built in. Both projects are open source software/hardware using the MicroChess source code (which is available but not open source) with permission from Peter Jennings.


Myopic by Steven Edwards is suited for the Arduino Mega, written in C++ and released under the Creative Commons license [19] .

Chess Robot

The Arduino Due Chess Robot is a self build sensory board with robot arm by Chris Quayle as a hobby project - powered by an Arduino Due and incorporating Micro-Max by Harm Geert Muller as chess AI.

Analog Evaluation

Reading the 10-bit analog-to-digital converter, adequately supplied by a score voltage of a noisy analog leaf evaluation with some discrete analog circuits and op-amps takes about 100 microseconds and is likely too slow for that interesting application [20] .

See also

Forum Posts

External Links


Computer Chess



C, C++




  1. ^ Arduino from Wikipedia
  2. ^ Arduino - Getting Started
  3. ^ Arduino - Products
  4. ^ Arduino from Wikipedia
  5. ^ Image by David Mellis, July 12, 2010, hosted at Flickr, Arduino from Wikipedia
  6. ^ Atmel - ATmega1280
  7. ^ Arduino - Reference
  8. ^ Arduino - FAQ
  9. ^ Arduino & Raspberry PI Chess Computer running Stockfish on Raspberry Pi, by Max Dobres
  10. ^ Self-made Chess Computer SHAH based on an Atmel-ATmega88 Microcontroller and Micro-Max-port by Andre Adrian (German)
  11. ^ ATM18 Mini Chess Computer from ELEKTOR.com – Platform for electronics and microcontrollers
  12. ^ Nanochess auf avr by Sam, Mikrocontroller.net GCC Forum, February 11, 2011 (German)
  13. ^ ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY : LCD DOG series, flexibe, flat and colorful
  14. ^ little_rook_chess · olikraus/u8glib Wiki · GitHub
  15. ^ u8glib/license.txt at master · olikraus/u8glib · GitHub
  16. ^ Obsolescence Guaranteed Home
  17. ^ 6502 Microchess on an Arduino
  18. ^ KIM Uno
  19. ^ Myopic, a new Creative Commons chess program by Steven Edwards, CCC, May 22, 2010
  20. ^ Arduino - AnalogRead
  21. ^ Chess MateHackaday.io

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