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Chiron,
a strong commercial chess engine by Ubaldo Andrea Farina, supporting both the Chess Engine Communication Protocol and UCI, the Polyglot and CTG [1] opening book formats, various endgame tablebase and bitbase formats, and able to play Chess960. The development started in 2002 and it has been under continuous development, underwent a major rewrite in 2009 using bitboards, and has been commercially released in October 2011 [2] . Chiron applies parallel search on multiprocessor systems, and has implemented pawn blockage detection function [3] [4], improved to detect blockages not only in pawn endgame but also when there are a few pieces on the board [5] [6] [7].
Eugène Delacroix: Chiron instructing Achilles [8]

Further Versions

Chiron 2

Chiron 2, released in December 2013 is about 40 Elo points stronger than Chiron 1.5 thanks to improvements in both search and evaluation [9].

Chiron 3

The next major release in May 2016, Chiron 3, is about 60 Elo stronger than 2, due to further search and evaluation enhancements and tuning, and also supports Syzygy Bases and is able to probe of 6-men Scorpio Bitbases [10].

Chiron 4

On January 10, 2017, Chiron 4 was released, again a considerable improvement of about 70 Elo over its predecessor, Chiron 4 improved in a further tuned evaluation, specially considering passed pawns and mobility, and various search enhacements, such as better forward pruning, Lazy SMP and NUMA awareness [11].

Tournament Play

Chiron played various Italian Computer Chess Championships, was best Italian entry at the CCC 2009 and the IOCSC 2010 [12] respectively, and further won the IGWT 2013, IGWT 2014 and IGWT III online, and the IGT 2016 over the board. Chiron played the WCCC 2006 in Turin, the IPCCC 2006, and four CCT Tournaments, winning the CCT14 in 2012 [13]

Photos & Games

WCCC 2006

ItalianChessProgrammers.jpg
Ubaldo, Nietta, Stefano and Eros, WCCC 2006, Chiron vs. Diep [14]
[Event "WCCC 2006"]
[Site "Turin, Italy"]
[Date "2006.06.01"]
[Round "11"]
[White "Chiron"]
[Black "Diep"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
 
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be2 e5 7.Nb3 Be7 8.O-O O-O
9.a4 Nc6 10.a5 Be6 11.Be3 Nb412.f4 exf4 13.Rxf4 d5 14.e5 Nd7 15.Nc5 Qc7 16.Rxb4
Bxc5 17.Bxc5 Qxc5+ 18.Qd4 Qxd4+ 19.Rxd4 Rac8 20.Bf3 Nxe5 21.Bxd5 Bxd5 22.Rxd5 f6
23.Rad1 Nc4 24.Rd7 Nxb2 25.Rb1 Rxc3 26.Rxb2 Rb8 27.Rb4 h5 28.Re4 Rc5 29.Ree7 Rg5
30.h4 Rg4 31.Rxb7 Rxb7 32.Rxb7 Ra4 33.Kf2 Rxa5 34.Rc7 Ra2 35.Kf3 Ra3+ 36.Ke4 Rg3
37.c4 Rxg2 38.c5 Rc2 39.Kf5 Re2 40.Kg6 Rg2+ 41.Kf5 Rc2 42.Kg6 Kf8 43.Kxh5 Kg8
44.Kg6 Rg2+ 45.Kf5 Kh7 46.Ke6 Re2+ 47.Kd6 Rd2+ 48.Ke7 Re2+ 49.Kd8 Rc2 50.c6 a5
51.Rc8 Rd2+ 52.Kc7 Rc2 53.Ra8 g5 54.hxg5 fxg5 55.Kb7 Kg6 56.Rxa5 Kh5 57.c7 1/2-1/2

CCT14

CCT14, round 5, Chiron - Komodo [15] [16]
[Event "CCT14"]
[Site "Internet Chess Club"]
[Date "2012.02.26"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Chiron"]
[Black "Komodo"]
[Result "1-0"]
 
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8. c3 O-O 9.h3 Na5
10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7 12.d5 Bd7 13.Qe2 Rfe8 14.b3 g6 15.Bh6 Nh5 16.Qe3 Bf8 17.Nbd2 Nb7
18.g4 Nf4 19.Bxf4 exf4 20.Qxf4 Bg7 21.Rad1 Nd8 22.Qg3 f6 23.e5 dxe5 24.Ne4 Nf7 25.d6
Qc8 26.c4 Ra7 27.Rd5 Be6 28.Rxc5 Qb8 29.Nfd2 Nxd6 30.Rc6 Nf7 31.c5 Qd8 32.Nd6 Nxd6
33.Rxd6 Rd7 34.Rxd7 Qxd7 35.Ne4 Qd4 36.Rd1 Qb4 37.c6 Qf8 38.b4 Rc8 39.Nc5 Bc4 40.Qg2
Qe8 41.Be4 f5 42.gxf5 gxf5 43.Bxf5 Rxc6 44.Rd7 Qg6 45.Bxg6 Rxg6 46.Qxg6 hxg6 47.a3 Bh6
48.Rd6 Kf7 49.Rxa6 Bc1 50.Kg2 Bb2 51.Kf3 Bd5+ 52.Kg4 Bc4 53.Ra7+ Ke8 54.Kg5 Bd4 55.Kxg6
Bxf2 56.Kf6 Bh4+ 57.Kxe5 Bg3+ 58.Kf5 Bf2 59.Rb7 Bf1 60.Ne4 Be1 61.Rh7 Bd3 1-0

Acknowledgment

by Ubaldo Andrea Farina, 2011 [17] [18]
In these nine years Chiron has improved a lot thanks also to ideas found in strong open source engines, in computer chess forums and websites, etc. In particular I would like to thank Fabien Letouzey, Tord Romstad, Robert Hyatt, the Ippolit guys, Ed Schröder, Bruce Moreland, Ernst Heinz and many others. Thanks to Miguel Ballicora, Eugene Nalimov and Daniel Shawul for the probing code of their tablebases/bitbases, to Pradu Kannan, Gerd Isenberg and Lasse Hansen for the magic bitboards, to Sesse and Stephan Vermeire for the CTG specifications, to Ilari Pihlajisto for cutechess-cli that I've been using since 2009 for testing Chiron with very fast games. Thanks to all the people that tested Chiron in the past, among them Ciro Vignotto, Leo Dijksman, Olivier Deville, Günther Simon, Lars Hallerström, the testers of CEGT and CCRL and many others. Thanks to Wilhelm Hudetz for the Chiron logo. Finally, thanks to Salvo Spitaleri who has been the opening book author of Chiron since 2006.

See also


Publications


Forum Posts


External Links

Chess Engine

Misc


References

  1. ^ CTG specification by Sesse, Rybka Forum, September 30, 2007
  2. ^ Chiron 1.0 available for preorder by Ubaldo Andrea Farina, CCC, September 26, 2011
  3. ^ Omid David, Ariel Felner, Nathan S. Netanyahu (2004). Blockage Detection in Pawn Endgames. ICGA Journal, Vol. 27, No. 3
  4. ^ Omid David, Ariel Felner, Nathan S. Netanyahu (2004). Blockage Detection in Pawn Endings. CG 2004
  5. ^ .:: Chiron Chess Engine ::.: | Pawn Blockages
  6. ^ Code of Chiron for Detection of Pawn Blockages by Ubaldo Andrea Farina, CCC, October 13, 2011
  7. ^ Chiron 1.1 bug? by Richard Vida, CCC, December 24, 2011
  8. ^ Chiron, half man, half horse: instructing Achilles, The Education of Achilles, by Eugène Delacroix, 2nd third of 19th century, Palais Bourbon, Liminal being from Wikipedia
  9. ^ .:: Chiron Chess Engine ::.: Chiron 2 released
  10. ^ .:: Chiron Chess Engine ::.: Chiron 3 released
  11. ^ Chiron 4 released, January 10, 2017
  12. ^ I have seen parts of the source by Gian-Carlo Pascutto, CCC, October 11, 2011
  13. ^ CCT 14: Chiron is the Champion! by Peter Skinner, CCC, February 26, 2012
  14. ^ Turin 2006 - Chess - Round 11 - Game 5 (ICGA Tournaments)
  15. ^ CCT 14 Games | Computer Chess Tournaments
  16. ^ Re: CCT 14: Chiron is the Champion! by Larry Kaufman, CCC, February 26, 2012
  17. ^ .:: Chiron Chess Engine ::.: | About
  18. ^ Thank you! (Gerd Isenberg, April 22, 2012) My own contribution to Magic Bitboards was the line-wise forerunner, dubbed Kindergarten Bitboards, also tried with "random" factors, while Lasse Hansen had the idea to hash both lines simultaneously. I was initially skeptical whether the huge tables pay off.
  19. ^ Part 1 covers Houdini, Rybka, Komodo, Stockfish, Critter, Naum, Chiron and Spike

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