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History of Computer Chess

About ancient programs, computer chess pioneers and chess programming history.

Early Theorists

Zermelo.jpeg
Ernst Zermelo
1871 - 1953


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Norbert Wiener
1894 - 1964
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John von Neumann
1903 - 1957


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Konrad Zuse
1910 - 1995
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Alan Turing
1912 - 1954


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Claude Shannon
1916 - 2001

Famous Historic Computers and Programs


Computer - Program
Author(s)
year
Features

El Ajedrecista
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
1912
Electro-mechanical KRK Solver

Turochamp
Alan Turing, David Champernowne
1948
"paper machine"

Machiavelli
Donald Michie, Shaun Wylie
1948
"paper machine"

Nemes' Chess Machine
Tihamér Nemes
1949
Design of electro-mechanical Mate-in-two Solver

Shannon's Chess Machine
Claude Shannon
1950
Relay-based chess machine

Mate-in-two
Dietrich Prinz
1951
Mate-in-two Solver

MANIAC I
Stanislaw Ulam et al.
1956
Los Alamos chess 6*6 board

The Bernstein Chess Program
Alex Bernstein et al.
1958
Shannon Type B

NSS Chess Program
Allen Newell, Cliff Shaw, Herbert Simon
1958
Shannon Type B, Alpha-Beta approx.

Kotok-McCarthy-Program
Alan Kotok, John McCarthy et al.
1962
Shannon Type B, Alpha-Beta

ITEP Chess Program
Georgy Adelson-Velsky et al.
1963
Shannon Type A, Alpha-Beta

The Greenblatt Chess Program
Richard Greenblatt et al.
1967
Shannon Type B,
Transposition Table, Opening Book

The Technology Chess Program
James Gillogly et al.
1970
Shannon Type A, Pondering

Kaissa
Mikhail Donskoy et al.
1970
Shannon Type A, Bitboards, Null Move Pruning

Chess 4.0
David Slate, Larry Atkin
1973
Shannon Type A, Bitboards

Belle
Ken Thompson and Joe Condon
1978
Shannon Type A, Chess Hardware

Cray Blitz
Robert Hyatt, Albert Gower, Harry Nelson
1983
Shannon Type A, Dynamic Tree Splitting

HiTech
Hans Berliner et al.
1985
Alpha-Beta or B*, Chess Hardware

Deep Thought
Feng-hsiung Hsu et al.
1986
Shannon Type A, Chess Hardware

Famous Matches


Tournaments


People

Pages with the tag "pioneers"

Programming History


Museums

related to Computer Chess History:

See also


Publications


Forum Posts


External Links

History of AI

History of Computer Chess


Computer Chess - A Movie


References

  1. ^ Re: Old programs CHAOS and USC by Dann Corbit, CCC, July 11, 2015
  2. ^ An Oldie but a Goodie by Stuart Cracraft, CCC, August 16, 2008
  3. ^ Computer Chess – the movie, ChessBase News, January 21, 2013
  4. ^ Berlin International Film Festival - Wikipedia
  5. ^ they made a movie about us... by Thorsten Czub, CCC, February 15, 2013
  6. ^ Computer Chess | Film | Kritik | critic.de (German)

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