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John Maynard Smith, (January 6, 1920 – April 19, 2004 [1])
was a British theoretical evolutionary biologist, geneticist, and latterly Emeritus Professor of Biology at the University of Sussex.

In 1961 John Maynard Smith created a chess machine called SOMA, the Smith One-Move Analyzer, as a challenger of Donald Michie's and Shaun Wylie's early program Machiavelli from 1947-48 [2], of whose method of working he was in ignorance [3]. Later John Maynard Smith built a SOMA-Machiavelli hybrid named SOMAC (SOMA with features taken from the Machiavelli) [4]. This machine, when allowed a lookahead of two, has a standard of play equal to that of a mediocre human player ... [5][6].

In 1973 Maynard Smith formalized a central concept in game theory called the evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS), based on a verbal argument by George R. Price and published in 1982 [7].
John Maynard Smith [8]

Selected Publications


External Links


  1. ^ Evolutionary biologist John Maynard Smith dies from University of Sussex
  2. ^ Chronology of Computing compiled by David Singmaster
  3. ^ John Maynard Smith, Donald Michie (1961). Machines that play games. New Scientist, 12, 367-9. google books
  4. ^ Donald Michie (1966). Game Playing and Game Learning Automata. Advances in Programming and Non-Numerical Computation, Leslie Fox (ed.), pp 183-200. Oxford, Pergamon. » Includes Appendix: Rules of SOMAC by John Maynard Smith
  5. ^ Leslie Fox (1966). Advances in programming and non-numerical computation. Pergamon
  6. ^ Donald Michie (1974). On Machine Intelligence. Edinburgh: University Press, ISBN 10: 085224262X, ISBN 13: 9780852242629, abebooks.com, alibris.com, biblio.com
  7. ^ John Maynard Smith (1982). Evolution and the Theory of Games. Cambridge; New York, Cambridge University Press.
  8. ^ John Maynard Smith from Centre for the Study of Evolution - University of Sussex
  9. ^ Publications of John Maynard Smith (pdf)
  10. ^ see Swap-off by Helmut Richter

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