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RedQueen,
an UCI compliant open source chess engine under the GNU General Public License, written in C++ by Ben-Hur Carlos Vieira Langoni Junior. Using minimal library dependencies as possible, it could easily ported to various operating systems such as Windows, Linux, Mac OS, and Android. The name RedQueen was inspired by the Red Queen character in Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass novel [1] .
The Red Queen lecturing Alice [2]

Description

Bitboards

RedQueen is a bitboard engine and uses Pradu Kannan's magic bitboards [3] to determine sliding piece attacks. BitScans are either implemented in inline assembly for x86-64 processor instructions, or with De Bruijn multiplication and double conversion for forward and reverse scans respectively [4]:
const uint64_t debruijn64 = 0x07EDD5E59A4E28C2ULL;
const uint32_t index64[64] = {
   63,  0, 58,  1, 59, 47, 53,  2,
   60, 39, 48, 27, 54, 33, 42,  3,
   61, 51, 37, 40, 49, 18, 28, 20,
   55, 30, 34, 11, 43, 14, 22,  4,
   62, 57, 46, 52, 38, 26, 32, 41,
   50, 36, 17, 19, 29, 10, 13, 21,
   56, 45, 25, 31, 35, 16,  9, 12,
   44, 24, 15,  8, 23,  7,  6,  5
};
 
inline int bitScanForward(int* const index, const uint64_t mask) {
#if defined(__LP64__)
   uint64_t ret;
   asm ("bsfq %[mask], %[ret]" : [ret] "=r" (ret) :[mask] "mr" (mask));
   *index = int(ret);
#else
   *index = int(index64[((mask & -mask) * debruijn64) >> 58]);
#endif
    return mask?1:0;
}
inline int bitScanReverse(int* const index, const uint64_t mask) {
#if defined(__LP64__)
   uint64_t ret;
   asm ("bsrq %[mask], %[ret]" :[ret] "=r" (ret) :[mask] "mr" (mask));
   *index = (unsigned int)ret;
#else
   union {
      double d;
      struct {
         unsigned int mantissal : 32;
         unsigned int mantissah : 20;
         unsigned int exponent : 11;
         unsigned int sign : 1;
      };
   } ud;
   ud.d = (double)(mask & ~(mask >> 32));
   *index = ud.exponent - 1023;
#endif
   return mask?1:0;
}

Similar holds for population count with SSE4 instruction if available versus SWAR-popcount, also using an optimized version for populations below 16, borrowed from Stockfish.

Search

RedQueen applies a parallel search considering the Young Brothers Wait Concept using a pool of threads where a master spawns idle threads. The search is PVS alpha-beta with the shared transposition table inside an iterative deepening framework with aspiration windows. Selectivity is applied by check and PV extensions, adaptive nullmove pruning, razoring, futility pruning, reductions at PV- and more aggressively at none PV-nodes. The SEE swap algorithm is used to prune bad captures in quiescence search, as well in move ordering, which is further improved by the obligatory killer- and history heuristics.

Evaluation

The evaluation might be lazy and otherwise considers tactical and positional features as well as material imbalances along with a pawn structure cache and a tapered eval interpolating middlegame and endgame scores with passed pawn and king safety and most dominant terms beside material.

Tournament Play

Over the board, RedQueen played the ICT 2010, DOCCC 2010, ICT 2011, and ICT 2012 CSVN tournaments in Leiden, online the ACCA 2010, ACCA 2011, CCT13, CCT14, and the WCRCC 2011.

Selected Games

ACCA 2011, round 2, RedQueen - Crafty [5]
[Event "ACCA 2011"]
[Site "HGM's server"]
[Date "2011.11.12"]
[Round "2"]
[White "RedQueen"]
[Black "Crafty"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
 
1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.d4 Nf6 4.Nc3 Be7 5.Bf4 O-O 6.e3 Nbd7 7.c5 Nh5 8.Bd3 Nxf4
9.exf4 c6 10.Qc2 g6 11.h4 Nf6 12.a3 b6 13.b4 Qc7 14.g3 a5 15.Na4 b5 16.Nb6
Ra7 17.O-O axb4 18.axb4 Rxa1 19.Rxa1 Bb7 20.Qe2 Nd7 21.Nxd7 Qxd7 22.Ne5 Qc7
23.h5 Bf6 24.Qg4 Re8 25.Ra7 Kf8 26.hxg6 hxg6 27.Nxf7 Qxf7 28.Bxg6 Qg7 29.Rxb7
Qxb7 30.Bxe8 Kxe8 31.Qxe6+ Be7 32.f5 Qd7 33.Qg8+ Bf8 34.Qg6+ Kd8 35.Qf6+ Be7
36.Qh8+ Qe8 37.Qe5 Kd7 38.Qe6+ Kd8 39.Qe5 Kd7 40.Qe6+ Kd8 41.Qe5 1/2-1/2

See also


Forum Posts

2010

2011

2012 ...


External Links

Chess Engine

Misc


References

  1. ^ RedQueen | Chess Engine
  2. ^ Illustration by John Tenniel of the Red Queen lecturing Alice for Lewis Carroll's "Through The Looking Glass", 1871, Red Queen (Through the Looking-Glass) - Wikipedia
  3. ^ redqueen-1.1.2-windows.zip download, magicmoves.h, magicmoves.cpp
  4. ^ redqueen-1.1.2-windows.zip download, bitboard.h
  5. ^ 2011 6ht annual ACCA games (RedQueen's games) by Ben-Hur Carlos Langoni, CCC, November 13, 2011

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